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大肠息肉的发生与青岛地区生活方式及饮食习惯的相关性 预览 被引量:10

Correlation of lifestyles and dietary habits with risk of colorectal polyps in Qingdao
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摘要 目的:分析青岛地区大肠息肉发生的临床病理特点及其与生活方式和饮食习惯的相关性.方法:收集2009-08/2010-04青岛地区三甲医院大肠息肉患者共1331例,采用统一设计问卷,调查一般情况、生活方式、饮食习惯等,对1164例获取完整资料者进行多项指标统计学分析.结果:大肠息肉总检出率26.67%,男多于女,年龄集中在50-69岁.72.17%患者超重,20.53%患者达到肥胖标准.男性吸烟、饮酒者息肉(腺瘤)多发(均P〈0.01).饮食中营养欠均衡、多食高动物蛋白、缺乏蔬菜水果及海带紫菜类者均占有很高比例.肥胖及高动物蛋白饮食者大肠息肉(腺瘤)多发(均P〈0.01).结论:吸烟、饮酒、肥胖、高动物蛋白饮食者大肠息肉及腺瘤多发. AIM:To analyze the clinical and pathological characteristics of colorectal polyps,and to explore the correlation of lifestyles and dietary habits with risk of colorectal polyps in Qingdao.METHODS:An investigation of general information,lifestyles,and dietary habits was carried out in 1 331 patients with colorectal polyps using a uniform questionnaire.Of all patients investigated,1 164 patients who had complete data were included for statistical analysis.RESULTS:The total detection rate of colorectal polyps was 26.67%.Males were more likely to suffer from colorectal polyps than females.Most patients with colorectal polyps were 50 to 69 years old.In males,cigarette smokers or alcohol users had a higher risk of polyps and adenomas(P 0.01).Overweight people and obese people accounted for 72.17% and 20.53%,respectively.People whose diet was characterized by imbalanced nutrition,high animal protein,lack of vegetables and fruits,or insufficient Laminaria japonica and nori had a higher risk of polyps.People who were obese or ate a high-animalprotein diet were more likely to suffer from polyps and adenomas(P 0.01).CONCLUSION:Cigarette smokers,alcohol users,obese people,and those eating a high-animal-protein diet are more likely to suffer from colorectal polyps and adenomas.
作者 于亚男 张琪 田字彬 赵清喜 孔心涓 张翠萍 魏良洲 Ya-Nan Yu,Qi Zhang,Zi-Bin Tian,Qing-Xi Zhao,XinJuan Kong,Cui-Ping Zhang,Liang-Zhou Wei,Department of Gastroenterology,the Aff iliated Hospital of Medical College of Qingdao University,Qingdao 266003,Shandong Province,China
出处 《世界华人消化杂志》 CAS 北大核心 2011年第6期631-635,共5页 World Chinese Journal of Digestology
关键词 大肠息肉 吸烟 酒精 肥胖 高动物蛋白饮食 Colorectal polyps Smoking Alcohol Obesity High-animal-protein diet
作者简介 通讯作者:田字彬,教授,266003,山东省青岛市江苏路16号,青岛大学医学院附属医院消化内科tianzb@qdumhqd.sd.cn电话:0532—82911302
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