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涉嫌暴力违法的女性被鉴定人犯罪学特征分析 预览 被引量:2

Criminological Characteristics of Female Violent Criminal Suspects
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摘要 目的探究涉嫌暴力违法的女性被鉴定人的犯罪学特征。方法采用自制的统计表对2000—2009年进行司法鉴定的女性被鉴定人进行登记,并进行回顾性分析。结果 259例被鉴定人的年龄为16~81岁,其中45岁及以下为205例(79.2%);已婚225例(86.9%);诊断的种类共14种,其中精神分裂症47.1%、无精神病15.4%、抑郁症10.4%、其他共27.1%;被评定为无责任能力者占59.5%、部分责任能力18.5%、完全责任能力22.0%;故意杀人85.7%、纵火10.4%、故意伤害1.9%、抢劫1.9%。其中致人死亡共191例,占所有案件的82.3%,以男性配偶为作案对象者占34.9%,以刀具及劳动生产工具为作案工具者占36.3%;作案动机为病理性动机者占66.8%,现实性动机29.7%,不明动机3.5%。结论涉嫌暴力违法的女性被鉴定人常患有不同类型的精神障碍,其作案动机多为病理性动机,案件类型以故意杀人为主,作案对象多为配偶或家人,作案工具以易获得的日常劳动工具为主。 Objective To study criminological characteristics of female violent criminal suspects who accepted forensic psychiatry assessment.Methods Information of the suspects involved in judicial appraisal between 2000 and 2009 were collected and analyzed according to our self-made scale.Results The age of 259 suspects were between 16 and 81 years old.There were 205(79.2%) suspects who were younger than 45 years old.There were 225(86.9%) suspects who were married.There were 14 different appraisal results: schizophrenia 47.1%,without psychosis 15.4%,depression 10.4% and others 27.1%.Irresponsibility involved with 59.5%,partial responsibility 18.5% and full responsibility 22.0%.Murder were 85.7%,arson 10.4%,inflicted injury 1.9% and robbery 1.9%.A total of 191 cases resulted in death,accounting for 82.3% of all cases.In 34.9% of all cases,the victims were male spouse of the suspects.Main weapons used in the crime were cutters and other working related tools(36.3%).There were 66.8% of all cases were with pathological motivation,29.7% with reality motivation and 3.5% cases were with unknown motivation.Conclusion Female violent suspects in our cases often suffered from various kinds of mental diseases.Their motivations were pathological primarily.Most cases were intentional killing with family members as victim mainly.Major weapons used were daily working related tools.
作者 沈聃琳 刘建梅 胡峻梅 SHEN Dan-lin,LIU Jian-mei,HU Jun-mei(Department of Forensic Psychiatry,West China School of Preclinical and Forensic Medicine,Sichuan University,Chengdu 610041,China)
出处 《法医学杂志》 CAS CSCD 2011年第3期 196-199,共4页 Journal of Forensic Medicine
基金 上海市法医学重点实验室开放基金资助项目(kf0909) 四川省科技支撑计划(10ZC1027)
关键词 司法精神病学 犯罪学 暴力 女性 forensic psychiatry criminology violence female
作者简介 沈聃琳(1985-),女,四川成都人,硕士研究生,主要从事司法精神病研究:E-mail:shendanlin@163.com
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