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基于IEME的低碳化景区综合集成评价 被引量:6

Integrated Evaluation of Decarbonated Tourist Attractions Based on IEME
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摘要 低碳经济时代的演进,全球环境问题的凸显对全球旅游业的发展提出了新要求,旅游产业及景区的可持续发展寻求从传统的粗放型向新兴的集约型发展方式转变,如何促进景区低碳化建设,兼顾社会效益、经济效益与生态效益协调发展,实现景区可持续发展已成为社会各界关注的热点。针对国内外现有的旅游景区传统线性评价成果的不足,未能从复杂系统的角度体现景区系统低碳环保举措的成效及其效益的发展趋势。本文在复杂性科学管理熵与管理耗散结构理论的指导下,从经济运行、社会发展、生态环保、低碳控制、建设保障等维度构建低碳化景区多维综合集成评价体系,将管理熵增与管理耗散结构模型及改进后的熵值法应用于低碳化景区建设的评价过程中,从宏微观角度系统地揭示景区低碳化建设的系统序度、发展趋势。 Evolution of low-carbon economy in the context of a variety of global environmental problems motivates a new way for global tourism development. The twelfth Five-Year Plan is a strategic and crucial stage for China's economic development transition and adjustment of economic structure. Sustainable development of tourism industry and tourist attractions necessitates change in the development mode from a traditional extensive style to an emerging intensive one so as to maintain sustainable economic and ecological development. Building low-carbon tourist attractions, maintaining development of their social, economic, as well as ecological benefits, and realizing sustainable development have drawn much attention. This study indicates that current evaluation of tourist attractions places emphasis on traditional linear evaluation, failing to reflect the efficiency and performance of decarbonated environmental protection measures in scenic area systems, and to reflect their benefit trends from the angle of complex systems which is of importance to evaluate its comprehensive performance. Based on management entropy and management dissipative structure theory, the authors constructed a multidimensional comprehensive integrated evaluation system of the decarbonated scenic area, including aspects of economic operation, social development, environmental protection, and decarbonated control and constructive guarantee. In addition, the management entropy, management dissipative structure model, and the improved entropy method were jointly applied to assess the process of building decarbonated tourist attractions. The sequence level and development trend of building decarbonated tourist attractions from the macro and micro perspectives of the system was revealed. The Jiuzhaigou Valley was analyzed with the IEME evaluation model using questionnaire survey and interview. According to 6-year data from this scenic area, changes in management entropy in the system and the development situation of every dimension were examined. The
作者 骆毓燕 戈鹏 任佩瑜 梁学栋 邱厌庆 LUO Yuyan, GE Peng, REN Peiyu, LIANG Xuedong, QIU Yanqing (Business School of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China)
出处 《资源科学》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2011年第11期 2182-2190,共9页 Resources Science
基金 国家高技术研究发展计划(863计划)重大项目:“基于时空分流管理模式的RFID技术在自然生态保护区和地震遗址的应用研究”(编号:2008AA04A107) 国家自然科学基金重大国际合作研究项目:“面向西部旅游经济与生态环境可持续发展的低碳景区集成管理模式研究”(编号:71020107027).
关键词 管理熵 管理耗散结构 低碳化景区 综合集成评价 Management entropy Management dissipative structure Decarbonated tourist attractions Comprehensive integrated evaluation
作者简介 骆毓燕,女,安徽合肥人,博士生,研究方向为管理科学、景区系统评价。E—mail:luoyuyan_1999@yahoo.com.cn 通讯作者:戈鹏,E-mail:gepeng@scu.edu.cn
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