This paper introduced the feature of randomized controlled trial （RCT） of Western medicine, the dilemma of Traditional Chinese Medicine （TCM） in developing RCT, and the philosophical basis of TCM＇s ＂ Zheng＂ and Differential Treatment, and put forward the developing idea and philosophical principles of Evidence - based TCM ： to establish the idea of whole - test and the clinical evaluation system of TCM as guide with clinical curative effect to examine entirely the TCM theory of principle, method, prescription, medicine in the course of the disease through RCT; the patient and doctor as the center, the communication and interaction between patients and doctors should be highly emphasized. The patients＇feeling should be respected, and the initiative and creativity of doctors based on the best evidence. We should also test the level of doctor or medical teams through curative effects.
Chinese Medical Ethics
Traditional Chinese Medicine, Evidence -based Medicine, Philosophy, The Efficacy Driven Approach, Whole- test, Patient and Doctor Centered