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景观生态视角下周边环境与旅游景区协调规划研究——以平遥古城为例 预览 被引量:5

THE STUDY OF THE PLANNING AND DESIGNING ABOUT TOURIST ATTRACTION SETTING COORDINATED WITH TOURIST ATTRACTION FROM THE ANGLE OF LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY -A Case Study of the Pingyao Ancient City
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摘要 在景区周边环境涌现出许多与景区不协调问题的同时,旅游者对景区周边环境的要求却在提高,因此忽视周边环境与景区完整性的做法已不适应当前旅游的发展。本文引入景观生态学的边缘效应、岛屿生物地理学、景观连接度、景观对比度和中度干扰基本理论,以平遥古城作为案例,对景区周边环境与景区间协调规划问题进行探讨。认为景区周边环境应从维持稳定性的集中与分散结合、加大连接度和利用异质性和发挥场效用的延展文化意境、体现地域特色和互利共生方面进行规划设计。 Along with the rapid developing of tourism and urban modernization, there are a lot of problems appearing in the settings of tourist attractions which are obviously not being coordinated with the advancement of scenic spots or tourist attractions. The status of neglecting the setting of tourist attraction has could not fit the needs of tourists. In this case, the Landscape Ecology is just a kind of important theory to solve the current contradictions. On the basis of above theories of Landscape Ecology and through the case study of Pingyao old city in Shanxi province, it is considered that tourist attraction setting should carry out planning and designing according to two principles: one is maintaining the stability of the big tourist attraction spot consisting of tourist attraction and its setting; the other is taking full advantage of the magnetic field effect of tourist attraction in its setting. The former includes three aspects: combining centralizing with decentralizing, which means natural vegetation spot is scattered in tourist attraction setting during the planning and designing of landscape and tourism service facilities should show the accumulation to a certain extent in space; strengthen- ing connective degree between tourist attraction and its setting in order to make tourists easily perceive the in- formation of tourist attraction; making use of strong diversity to plan and design such scenery that is very dif- ferent from usual one to accumulate tourists' aesthetic feeling. The latter also includes three aspects: extend- ing the culture and artistic conception of tourist attraction to make tourists feel the characteristics of historical age and regional environment in setting; reflecting regional characteristics that is to say there should be a seat for expressing the regional culture in tourist attraction setting; keeping mutualism to make tourist attraction setting benefit greatly from the coexisting and winning together of many trades and professions.
作者 胡炜霞 HU Wei-xia (College of History and Tourism Culture, Shanxi Normal Univezsicy, Linfen 041000, .China)
出处 《人文地理》 CSSCI 北大核心 2011年第6期 155-159,共5页 Human Geography
基金 山西省软科学研究项目(2011041012.02) 山西师范大学2011年校级重点课题
关键词 景区周边环境 规划设计 景观生态学 tourist attraction setting planning and designing Landscape Ecology
作者简介 胡炜霞(1975-),女,山西临汾人,副教授,博士,研究方向为旅游规划与开发。E-mMl:huweixia2002@163.com。
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