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2005-2010年北京市麻疹流行病学特征与消除麻疹措施分析 被引量:94

Measles epidemiology and elimination measure evaluation in Beijing, 2005-2010
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摘要 目的通过对北京市2005-2010年麻疹流行病学特征、麻疹监测质量和疫苗接种情况进行分析,发现麻疹发病的重点地区和高发人群,进一步探讨消除麻疹工作的重要措施。方法采用描述流行病学方法对麻疹监测数据进行分析。结果 2005-2010年,北京市共报告麻疹病例14 547例,年平均发病率为14.94/10万,各年发病高峰均在3-5月;重点地区分布在外省户籍人口比例高的近郊区(县)和远郊区(县),尤其是外来务工人员聚集乡镇,发病年龄呈现小月龄婴儿和20~39岁成年人为主的特征,散居儿童和公共场所、餐饮、家政家务等各类服务人员为麻疹发病高发人群。结论为实现消除麻疹的目标,需进一步提高成年人免疫水平,外来务工人员麻疹疫苗接种范围应扩大至各类服务人员中的外省户籍人群,鼓励育龄妇女接种麻腮风疫苗,提高小月龄婴儿麻风疫苗初种的及时性,应在流动人口节后返京,发病高峰来临前开展强化查漏补种和外来务工人员麻疹疫苗接种。 Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics of measles in Beijing from 2005 to 2010 and provide evidence for the development of measles elimination strategies and measures. Methods Descriptive epidemiological analysis was conducted on measles surveillance data in Beijing during this period. Results A total of 14 547 measles cases were reported with the average annual incidence of 14. 94/lakh. The incidence peak was during March-May of a year. The disease mainly occurred in the area with dense floating population. The highest measles incidence occurred among infants aged 〈 1 year, followed by that in people aged 20 - 39 years. The cases were more likely to occur among children outside child care settings and workers engaged in public and household services. Conclusion To eliminate measles, it is necessary to strengthen measles vaccination in adults, especially in floating population, promote measles vaccination in child beating aged women and improve measles vaccination in infants.
作者 李娟 卢莉 刘东磊 马蕊 吴疆 庞星火 LI Juan, LU Li, LIU Dong-lei, MA Rui, WU Jiang, PANG Xing-huo. Beijing Municipal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100013, China
出处 《疾病监测》 CAS 2012年第5期 353-357,共5页 Disease Surveillance
关键词 麻疹 流行病学特征 消除 measles epidemiological characteristics elimination
作者简介 李娟,女,河南省安阳市人,博士,助理研究员,主要从事疾病监测与控制工作 通信作者:卢莉,Tel:010-64407106,Email:lulibj@sina.com
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