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城中村制造业空间集聚研究——以广州康乐村服装生产企业为例 被引量:12

Characteristics and mechanism of spatial agglomeration of manufacturing enterprises in Chengzhongcun. A case study of Kangle village, Guangzhou
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摘要 城中村作为城市内部的异质空间已受到学术界高度关注,但对其内部流动人口创建的各种经济部门,尤其是制造业的系统研究仍然少见报导。选取广州市康乐村为案例地区,通过半结构式问卷调查与访谈、土地利用类型与多层建筑物垂直空间利用状况的系统调研,深入探讨城中村内流动人口创建的制造企业集聚的基本特征及形成机制。研究表明:制造企业在康乐村的集聚是关系邻近与地理邻近循环因果关系引导下的主动集聚。企业具有“临时性”、“内生性”、“地域的多元性”及“非正规性”;产业构成以成衣制作为主体,企业规模偏小,生产联系松散,技术需求极其低下;在空间分布上则表现为同行业企业相对集中分布,产业空间与居住空间相互依附,垂直空间混合利用以及企业分布受村内道路系统影响显著等。 Villages-in-the city (i. e. Chengzhongcun), as distinctive urban spaces in Chinese cities, has attracted great attentions during the last two decades. Few literatures, however, have focused on the basically economic characteristics and spatial distribution of informal sectors run by migrants in Chengzhongcun. In fact, due to non-strict regulated situation, low-rent housing market and favorable location, Chengzhongcun has become ideal areas for the agglomeration of informal economic sectors. Although most of these informal economic sectors are sorts of neighborhood service, there are probably some manufacturing industries. Based on a case study of Kangle village in Guangzhou, a typical Chengzhongcun with booming manufacturing factories, this research tries to explore the basic economic characteristics and spatial distribution of manufacturing factories in Chengzhongcun. Field work is carried out to obtain economic data using semi-structured questionnaire through face-to-face interviews with 428 owners or responsible persons of the enterprises selected by convenient and snowball sampling. Location of the samples covers major manufacturing area in the village. In addition, land-use pattern of the village is investigated by dividing the whole village into small grids to describe the spatial distribution of manufacturing enterprises. The results show that most of the factories in the center of Kangle village are garment processing workshops built by migrants. The factories have the attributes of temporality, endogeneity, the diversity of native places of owners, and informality, and the basic economic characteristics of which are small scale, loosing production linkage with each other, and lack of technological innovation. Moreover, many workshops are situated in residential buildings and significantly influenced by the road and alley network in the village. Industrial, residential and commercial land is mixed in vertical space, and factories with similar products are relatively agglomerated. The manufacturing ent
作者 夏丽丽 赵耀龙 欧阳军 刘望保 XIA Li-li, ZHAO Yao-long, OUYANG Jun, LIU Wang-bao (School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China)
出处 《地理研究》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2012年第7期1294-1304,共11页 Geographical Research
基金 国家自然科学基金项目(41001079、40901090、41001088) 广东省高等学校人才引进专项基金项目
关键词 城中村 制造企业 空间集聚 Chengzhongcun manufacturing enterprises spatial agglomeration
作者简介 夏丽丽(1975-),女,安徽人,讲师,博士,主要研究方向为经济地理、企业地理。E-mail:hslily@163.com 通讯作者:赵耀龙(1974-),男,博士,教授。主要从事地理信息科学和城市问题研究。E-mail:yaolong@SC—nil.edu.cn
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