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具身概念表征的研究及理论述评 预览 被引量:31

Research on Embodied Theories of Conceptual Representation
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摘要 具身认知强调认知在本质上是具身的,身体在认知的实现中发挥着关键作用。传统的符号加工理论认为,概念表征独立于主体的知觉运动系统并以抽象符号的形式储存于语言记忆中。概念表征的具身理论则认为,概念表征与知觉运动系统具有共同的神经基础,概念在本质上是主体经验客体时知觉与运动体验的神经记录,而概念加工的基本形式则是身体经验的模拟与还原。关于该理论的实证研究主要集中于概念加工引发的知觉动作变化、身体动作对概念加工的影响、抽象概念加工的具身特征等领域。今后的研究应关注符号加工理论与具身理论的整合等。 The viewpoints of embodied cognition advocate that cognition is essentially embodied and the body plays a pivotal role in an organism's cognitive processes. Traditional symbolic-computational theories assume conceptual representation is stored as abstract symbols in semantic memory, separated from systems governing perception and action. The embodied theories of conceptual representation hold that conceptual representation is grounded in the same neural systems that govern sensation, perception and action. According this viewpoint, concepts are essentially neural recordings during perceptual and motor experiences, and these recordings can later be re-enacted as the way of conceptual processing. Recent work has focused on the emergence of perceptual phenomena in conceptual processing, the effect of body movement on conceptual processing, the embodied effect for processing abstract conception, the embodied effect for processing combined concept and modality switching costs effect. Future researches should focus on combining symbolic-computational theories and embodied theories.
作者 殷融 曲方炳 叶浩生 YIN Rong; QU Fang-Bing; YE Hao-Sheng (1 School of Psychology, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China) (2 The Center for Mind and Brain, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China)
出处 《心理科学进展》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2012年第9期1372-1381,共10页 Advances In Psychological Science
基金 国家社科基金教育学资助项目(BBA110015) 羊城学者首席科学家资助项目(10A030S).
关键词 具身认知 概念表征 概念加工 抽象概念 具身模拟 embodied cognition conceptual representation conceptual processing abstract concept embodied simulation
作者简介 通汛作者:叶浩生,E—mail:yehaosheng@yahoo.cn
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