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院前急救创伤患者流行病学调查 预览 被引量:10

Analysis of the epidemiological prehospital emergency medical care in traumas
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摘要 目的研究院前创伤患者的流行病学特征,提高对创伤患者的救治能力。方法通过对2008年1月~2010年12月3年间笔者所在医院院前急救的6 216例创伤患者进行回顾性分析,对患者性别、年龄、时间分布和致伤原因进行分析。结果院前创伤患者为6 216例次,占同期院前总急救量的50.56%;男女性别比为2.55︰1.00;创伤高峰年龄为20~49岁,占71.64%;创伤的发生高峰时间为18点~第2日凌晨2点。致伤原因中,交通事故占44.03%,斗殴占29.05%,工伤13.48%,跌伤6.76%,坠落伤3.04%。创伤院前死亡占2.22%。结论交通事故与斗殴是院前创伤的主要原因,加强交通法规的宣传教育,加强社会治安的综合管理对预防和减少院前创伤具有重大意义。 Objective To analyze the epidemiological character of prehospital trauma care,and increase cure ability in trauma.Methods 6 216 cases of the prehospital trauma patients include genders,ages,time distributions and vulnerant reasons were collected by Tangxia hospital from Jan 2008 to Dec 2010 and was prospectively analyzed.Results Prehospital trauma were 6216(50.56 %),male to femal was 2.55︰1.00,the peak of trauma were 20 to 49(71.64%),the peak of incidences from 18 to 2,among them,traffic accidents(44.03%),fights(29.05%),working and falling injuries(6.76%),crashes(3.04%),prehospital fatality(2.22%),traffic accidents and fights were two main reasons of prehospital.Conclusion Traffic accidents and fights were two main reasons of prehospital Trauma,improve education of traffic laws and public security are key to prevent and reduce prehospital trauma.
作者 袁逊 余伟桂 夏根玉 YUAN Xun YU Weigui XIA Genyu Department of Emergency,the Tangxia Hospital of Dongguan,Dongguan 523710,China
出处 《中国医药科学》 2012年第15期125-126,128共3页 China medicine and pharmacy
关键词 院前急救 创伤 流行病学 Prehospital care Trauma Epidemiology
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