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某经济开发区1991~1997年383起工伤死亡事件调查分析 预览 被引量:14

Analysis of 383 Fatal Occupational Injury Events in a New Development Area of East China during 1991~1997
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摘要 调查分析工业企业致死工伤的环境危害因素。(方法)对某开发区1991 ̄1997年间发生的383起工伤死亡事件进行了流行病学调查分析。(结果)发现(1)由于许多基建工程项目于1993 ̄1995年批准并实施或完成,这些工伤死亡事件大多发生于1994年和1995年;(2)事故常发生在周末加班时且可能有急于完成某一任务而赶时间的倾向;(3)坠落、起重伤害、物体打击、触电和坍塌是最常见(89%)的伤害方式,它 Objective] This study is to explore environmental risk factors and human factors of fatal occupational injury.[Methods] To carry out epidemiological investigation and analyze 383 occupational fatal injury events occurred among all industries in a new development area of East China during the period 1991~1997.[Results] The results indicated that:(1)most of the events took place during the period 1994-1995 because many large projects about infrastructure development were ratified and implemented during the period;(2)extra working shifts on weekends and in hurried work activity to finish a task before a deadline;(3)falls,collision,objects struck/against,excavation cave in and electrocution were most important types of injury (89%) which,in addition to acute poisonings and/or fire,accounted for all of the multiple incidents' accident types,and (4) the most common equipments involved were work surface,constructing structures,crane,electric and electronics and the most common settings were construction and manufacturing sectors;(5) most multiple incidents(79%) took place in the construction and manufacturing industries.[Conclusion] Occupational injuries were caused by environmental risk factors such as equipment defects,management and organization of the production and human factors.We suggest that the prevention and control of occupational fatal injuries should require a comprehensive approach which includes improvement of product designs and modifications in the man made environment;safety training and health promotion;enforcement of relevant regulations;and engineering as well as ergonomics controls.
作者 夏昭林 王国祥 Coutney TK 3,Sorock GS 3,Christiani DC 4 XIA Zhao lin 1,ZHU Jin liang 1,WANG Guo xiang 2,ZHU Tao kou 2,WU Qing min 2, FU Hua 1,LIANG You xin 1,YE Ting ting 1,Coutney TK 3,Sorock GS,Christiani DC 4 (1.School of Public Health,Shanghai
出处 《劳动医学》 2000年第2期 65-69,共5页
基金 美国利宝 -哈佛大学 -上海医科大学合作项目!(项目号 : I 0 0 2 ) 美国NIH课题资助!(课题号 :ES0 0 0 0 2 )
关键词 职业伤害 工伤死亡事件 预防 控制 occupational injury fatal occupational events prevention and control
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