Objective：To retrieve and analyze literatures on misdiagnosis of leprosy during the years 1989 -2011, to understand distribution of the literatures, kinds of diseases misdiagnosed and causes for misdiagnosis over the years. Methods：We retrieved relevant literatures collected by Chinese Journal Full-Text Database, Chinese Key Conference Papers Full-Text Database and Chi na Scientific Journal Database on websites of China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP net work and Wanfang Data. Statistics and analysis was then performed on the literatures. Results： Literatures were mainly collected by China National Knowledge Infrastructure and published on professional journals of dermatology. According to the literatures, leprosy was misdiagnosed as more than 60 kinds of diseases, and a lot of factors were related to misdiagnosis. Conclusion： In cidence of misdiagnosis of leprosy shows an increasing trend in the recent years, and many kinds of diseases could be confused with leprosy. Literatures could reflect the factual situation of misdi anosis of leprosy, indicating that knowledge and alertness on leprosy should be enhanced in medi- cal workers.
Southern China Journal of Dermato-Venereology