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去心与不去心远志药材的化学成分和药效学比较研究 认领 被引量:17

Comparison of the Chemical Constituents and Pharmacological Activities between the Cortexes and the Roots of Polygala tenuifolia
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摘要 目的对远志去心(根皮)与不去心(根)的药材进行比较,为远志科学炮制加工方法的制定提供参考。方法通过化学成分分析和药效学研究相结合方法,对远志根皮、根和木心进行全面、系统比较,即采用多指标定量结合指纹图谱分析方法对远志根皮、根及木心的化学成分进行定性、定量分析;采用镇静安神、止咳祛痰等远志传统的药效学指标进行根皮与根的药效学评价。结果根、根皮和木心所含化学成分类似,但各有效成分的含量以根皮〉根〉木心。药效学研究结果表明,远志根皮和根的药效没有明显差异,但远志根在止咳、祛痰方面表现了更好的作用趋势。结论为避免资源的浪费及去心过程带来的人力、物力损耗,建议远志没有必要去心。 OBJECTIVE To carry out a comparison between the cortexes and the roots of Polygala tenuifolia, and to supply references for developing scientific processing method of P. tenuifolia. METHODS A comprehensive comparison was made by comparing the chemical constitution and pharmacological activities of the cortexes and the roots of P. tenuifolia, i. e. , multi-components determination and fingerprint analysis were used to analyze their chemical constituents, and the traditional pharmacological actions of P. tenuifolia, such as cough-relieving, sputum-removing and sedative effects were used to evaluate their efficacy. RESULTS The chemical constitution of the cortexes, roots and heartwoods of P. tenuifolia was similar, but the contents of the various effective components in the cortexes were more than those in the roots and heartwoods. The pharmacological results revealed that there was no obvious difference between the cortexes and the roots of P. tenuifolia for their activities of cough-relieving, sputum-removing and sedative actions. The roots of P. tenuifolia showed a better tendency than the cortexes for cough-relieving and sputum-removing activities. CONCLUSION In order to avoid the waste of crude drugs, and to save the cost during heartwood-discarding, the heartwoods of P. tenuifolia are suggested to be kept.
作者 刘艳芳 彭东艳 杨晓娟 史天星 姜勇 屠鹏飞 LIU Yan-fang PENG Dong-yan, YANG Xiao-juan SHI JIANG yong , Tian-xlng , TU Peng-fei (1. State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China; 2. Zhalantun People's Hospital, Zhalantun Inner Mongolia 162650, China)
出处 《中国药学杂志》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2012年第24期1975-1979,共5页 Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal
基金 基金项目:重大新药创制专项(2009ZX09311-004,2012ZX09301002-002-002) 国家自然科学基金资助项目(30873429) 教育部新世纪优秀人才计划(985-2-102-113)
关键词 远志 根皮 去心 远志[口山]酮III 3 6'-二芥子酰基蔗糖 细叶远志皂苷 药效学比较 Polygala tenuifolia cortex root heartwood-discarding polygalaxanthone m 3,6'-disinapoyl sucrose tenuifolin pharmacological effect comparison
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