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阵风锋自动识别与预警 预览 被引量:9

Automatic Identification and Alert of Gust Fronts
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摘要 根据阵风锋的回波特征,该文设计了阵风锋自动识别算法。在速度场中,考虑辐合线识别;在强度场中,考虑窄带回波识别;根据窄带与辐合线的空间一致性,综合二者识别出阵风锋。基于该算法,以锋线闪烁和物理量输出两种方式实现了预警功能。最后利用地面自动气象站资料和2009年6月3日河南商丘、郑州及2009年6月515I安徽阜阳3个雷达站探测的阵风锋98个体扫样本资料检验了识别效果,并采用临界成功指数进行评估。结果表明:双向梯度法能有效滤除大范围降水回波而保留窄带回波;该算法只需考虑较低仰角层,大大提高识别效率。在速度场中采用的算法能有效识别出径向辐合线,同时也适用于低空径向风切变和辐合线的识别;利用临界成功指数对98个体扫样本进行识别率评估,识别率达到68.4%。 Gust fronts often cause serious ground gale and strong wind shear. Therefore, the short-term fore- cast, nowcasting and civil aviation department pay high attention to the research of gust fronts. Based on the echo characteristics of gust fronts in reflectivity field and velocity field of Doppler radar, an identifica- tion algorithm for gust fronts is designed. In the velocity field, the convergence line is identified by finding the consistent decreasing radial velocity and inspected by using a convergence parameter threshold, a grads threshold and a flux threshold. In the reflectivity field, the reflectivity data are classified into different lev- els. Then, the narrowband is identified by an algorithm called bilateral grads, which is designed by fully using the narrowband geometrical characteristic, the interval between narrowband and echo matrix. The bilateral grads algorithm can effectively filter out the wide range of precipitation echoes and reserve the narrowband in reflectivity image. Meanwhile, in order to filter out the remainder noise, length calculated and image thinning technique are used during above processes. According to the consistency of narrowband and the convergence line in the space, the gust front can be identified. The achievement of alert function u- ses an image flicker and some physical quantities output to represent the strength of the gust front. Final- ly, 98 volume-scanning data from 3 radar stations and the automatic weather station data and Ics are used to evaluate the identification effect. The bilateral grads algorithm can effectively filter out the big range precipitation echo and keep the narrowband signal, it has an important relationship with the distance be- tween the narrowband and maternal storm echo. Combined with the composite reflectivity to contrast all- layer reflectivity~ the narrowband or the stronger reflectivity doesn't exist at the higher elevation, there- fore, the algorithm simply handles the low elevation, which can improve the identification efficiency. Th
作者 郑佳锋 张杰 朱克云 刘艳霞 张涛 Zheng Jiafeng Zhang Jie Zhu Keyun Liu Yanxia Zhang Tao ( 1 Plateau Atmosphere and Environment Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Atmospheric Sciences Academy of Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu 610225; 2 Air Force Meteorological Center of Chengdu Military Region, Chengdu 610041)
出处 《应用气象学报》 CSCD 北大核心 2013年第1期117-125,共9页 Quarterly Journal of Applied Meteorology
基金 中国气象局西南区域气象中心区域重大科研业务项目(2010-1)
关键词 阵风锋识别 双向梯度算法 窄带回波 辐合线 gust front detection bilateral grads algorithm narrowband convergence line
作者简介 email:544510574@qq.com
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