The reserved-officials were assigned by Li Department and continued to work in the local authorities participate in many affairs of central and local government more or less while waiting for real official position in Qing Dynasty. Their amount was great, meanwhile their quality was bad, The phenomenon that existed for a long time brought about some political and social problems. The paper describes in detail the jammed state of reserved-official and change of quantity in the angle of time and space, and discusses emphatically negative influences on the admin- istration of officials which the problem of overstaffed reserved-officials brings about, also analyzes four main causes which result in the phenomenon of overstaffed reserved-officials. At last, the paper briefly summaries some reforms of Qing government to solve the problem of overstaffed reserved-officials and the its result.
Journal of Luoyang Teachers College
late Qing Dynasty