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不同膜污染阶段微生物特征与膜污染的关系 被引量:5

The relationship between microbial characters and membrane fouling at different stages of membrane fouling
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摘要 为考察微生物特征与膜污染阶段性发展的关系,在常温下运行缺氧/好氧膜生物反应器(A/O-MBR),采用末端限制性片段长度多态性分析(T-RFLP)技术、原子力显微镜(AFM)等技术,获得MBR系统内微生物的种类、数量分布等信息,并采用3阶段模式对一个完整的膜污染周期内膜污染的发展过程进行研究.结果表明:膜丝表面及膜孔内壁的附着物质是膜通量降低的主要原因;好氧段混合液内、凝胶层、膜丝表面的微生物群落结构不相同,并随膜污染的发展而不断演替;随膜压升高,Cake层微生物优势种群演替过程为根瘤菌属→伯克氏菌属→未培养硝化螺菌属→发硫菌属→动胶菌属→β-变形菌纲,其中动胶菌属与膜表面粘性物质积累有较大关系. To investigate the relationship between microbial properties and membrane fouling, an anoxic- aerobic membrane bioreactor (A/O- MBR) was established and run at room temperature. The techniques of Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (T -RFLP) and Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) were used for analyzing the role of microorganisms for membrane fouling in different stages, and the three-stage model was applied to study the development proce'ss of membrane fouling in a whole cycle. The results showed that the process of MBR membrane fouling could be~ divided into three stages. The solid or dissolved materials attached to the membrane wire surface and the membrane pore were the main reason for the lower flux. The microbial community structures were different and changed with the deepening membrane fouling in the Aerobic mixture, the Cake layer and the membrane wire surface. With the increasing of the membrane pressure, the succession of dominant populaiions of the microbial in the Cake layer is : Rhizobiales Bacterium Burkholderia sp. ~ Uncultured Nitrospira sp.→ Thiothrix Eikelboomii→ ZoogloeaRamigera Betaproteobacterium, and ZoogloeaRamigera is greatly related to the viscous material on the surface of membrane.
作者 李宝 高大文 付源 LI Bao,GAO Dawen, FU Yuan (State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, 150090 Harbin, China)
出处 《哈尔滨工业大学学报》 EI CAS CSCD 北大核心 2013年第2期31-35,共5页 Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology
基金 国家自然科学基金资助项目(21177033)
关键词 膜生物反应器 膜污染 末端限制性片段长度多态性 微生物 群落 membrane biological reactor( MBR) membrane fouling Terminal-Restriction Fragment LengthPolymorphism ( T - RFLP) micro-organisms communities ~
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参考文献17

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