Objective To explore the adverse reactions and the observation methods in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy of young patients with rectal cancer and propose the corresponding nurs- ing measures. Methods 22 young patients with rectal cancer were conducted with mental nursing, dietary regulation and venous catheterization for chemotherapy, and the adverse reactions and toxicity were closely observed. Results All the patients completed the chemotherapies successfully. 4 patients （18.2%） had obvious reactions on the digestive tract, and the symptoms were significantly improved after symptomatic treatment; 13 patients （59%） had mild reactions on the digestive tract, and there was no obvious nausea or vomiting in these patients; 6 patients （27.3 % ） had leukocytopenia and decline of liver and kidney functions. No exosmosis of chemotherapeutics occurred during the process of chemotherapy. 5 patients （22.7 % ） had obvious bad emotions such as pessimism and depression. Conclusion The accurate, careful and reasonable nursing can significantly reduce the incidence rate of adverse reactions during the chemotherapy of young patients with rectal cancer.
Journal of Clinical Medicine in Practice
low age group