目的 了解本院临床分离细菌的分布以及耐药情况的变迁,为今后抗菌药物的合理应用提供参考依据.方法 提取医院2010 ～ 2012 年细菌培养和药敏结果,进行数据筛选及汇总分析.结果细菌实验室阳性标本共计11 729 例,大肠埃希菌菌、铜绿假单胞菌、鲍曼不动杆菌、肺炎克雷伯菌均排在每年前5 位,其中大肠埃希菌、肺炎克雷伯菌对碳青霉烯类保持较高敏感性,铜绿假单胞菌对氨基糖苷类敏感性最高,鲍曼不动杆菌药物敏感率普遍较低.结论本院细菌耐药情况日益严重,应严格控制抗感染药物的合理使用.
Objective To understand the distribution of hacteria separation and the changes of the drug resistance of clinical in our hospital,to provide reference frame of antibacterial drugs should be reasonable in the future. Methods Accessed the bacterial culture and drug sensitive experiment results from 2010 to 2012 in our hospital and data screening and meta analysis. Results Positive specimens of laboratory were 11729 cases,the escherichia coli bacteria,pseudomonas aeruginosa,acinetobacter baumannii,pneumonia crayresearch bacteria were rowed in the top five each year,the sensitivity of escherichia coli and pneumonia crayresearch bacteria to carbapenems remained was higher,the sensitivity of pseudomonas aeruginosa to aminoglycoside was highest,bauman acinetobacter drug sensitivity rates were generally low. Conclusion Drug resistance of bacteria in our hospital is more and more serious, we should strictly control the reasonable use of antibiotics.