Maize has become the 1st major crop with the largest planting area and total yield in China, and it is strategically significant to promote the maize production for ensuring the national food security. In this paper, the development process of maize production in China since the reform and opening up and the typical features for each phases were introduced systematically, and the main problems and factors limiting the maize production such as the distribution of natural resource, agronomic infrastructure, maize variety and seed quality, cultivation technology, the production and management mode, the storage and circulation conditions were also analyzed. At last, some policy suggestions including increasing and strengthening the scientific research input, basic infrastructure, supporting policy, technical services, high-yield construction, storage and circulation conditions, and technical measures such as maize new variety breeding, water-saving agricultural technology, conservation tillage, improving the sowing quality and population uniformity, mechanized cultivation, diseases ＆ insects and weeds protection etc. for the further increasing of maize yield level in the future were purposed, respectively.
Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology