This study investigated the potential influence of English Language Learners＇ characteristics on their Ontar- io Secondary School Literacy Test （OSSLT） performance. Student-level factors from the Student Questionnaire admin- istrated along with the OSSLT and school-level factors related to socioeconomic status and parental education were an- alyzed in relation to these students＇ test performance （N= 4311 ）. The variables included after-school literacy activi- ties, home language patterns, as well as the average socio-economic status of the families in the school. The results showed the relationships between these students＇ test performance and their personal characteristics as well as school- level factors. Specifically, literacy activities associated with higher test performance included Intemet, literature and non-fiction reading activities. Parent education index, not their income index, was a significant positive independent predictor of the average school reading and writing scores for these students accounting for 20% and 9% of the total variance in the average school OSSLT reading and writing scores respectively.
second language students
parents＇ education and income