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建筑工人不安全行为影响因子分析及控制措施研究 预览 被引量:27

Study on influence factor and control measures for unsafe behavior of construction workers
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摘要 为有效的控制建筑工人的不安全行为,从而减少事故,须分析出建筑工人不安全行为主要影响因素,并提出针对性控制措施。从各种不安全行为中提取13个影响因子,在此基础上通过访谈和调研获得直接影响矩阵,借助决策试验和评价实验室方法( DEMATEL)计算出每个因子的影响度、原因度和中心度,由此分析出安全态度、安全技能、安全认知和安全培训在影响因素体系中最为重要,领导的重视对建筑工人的不安全行为也有很大影响。结果表明:个人因素是影响工人安全行为的主要因素,环境因素和管理因素通过影响个人因素影响工人的安全行为。最后,针对个人影响因素,提出了合理开展安全培训、加强现场行为管理、加强安全心理干预、完善用工制度等措施。 To control the unsafe behaviorof construction workers so as to reduce safety accidents ,the main factors that influence unsafe behavior of construction workers must be found , and the control measures must be put forward corresponding .13 impact factors were extracted from the different unsafe behaviors , on this basis, the direct influ-ence matrix was obtained by interviewing , and the method of DEMATEL was applied to calculate the influence de-gree, reason degree, and center degree of each factor .It showed that the following factors:safety attitude,safety skills,safety cognitive , and safety training are more important than the others and the leaders ’ attention has great influence on unsafe behavior of construction workers .Personal factor is the main factor of satety behavior workers , the environment factor and management factor influence the safety behavior by influencing personal factor .At last, in allusion to the personal factor , the measures like carrying out safety training , strengthening the management of behavior on field ,strengthening the safety psychological intervention , and improving the recruitment system were put forward .
作者 居婕 杨高升 杨鹏 JU Jie, YANG Gao-sheng, YANG Peng ( Business school of Hohai University, Nanjing Jiangsu 211100, China)
机构地区 河海大学商学院
出处 《中国安全生产科学技术》 CAS CSCD 2013年第11期179-184,共6页 Journal of Safety Science and Technology
关键词 建筑工人 不安全行为 影响因子 控制措施 construction worker unsafe behavior impact factor control measure
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