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咸阳市2013年健康儿童脊髓灰质炎麻疹乙型脑炎及流行性脑脊髓膜炎抗体水平监测 被引量:9

Surveys on antibodies against polio, measles, encephalitis and meningitis among healthy children aged 1-7 years in Xianyang of Shaanxi province in 2013
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摘要 目的了解咸阳市1~7岁(不含7岁)健康儿童脊髓灰质炎(脊灰)、麻疹、乙型脑炎(乙脑)及流行性脑脊髓膜炎(流脑)免疫水平状况,评价预防接种效果。方法采用酶联免疫吸附试验(ELISA)检测1~7岁健康儿童血清中脊灰、麻疹、乙脑及流脑IgG抗体,分析保护率。结果咸阳市脊灰、麻疹、乙脑及流脑IgG抗体阳性率分别为94.65%、95.67%、94.01%、89.94%;4种抗体保护水平均基本达到了85%以上;乙脑抗体阳性率以乾县(83.61%)和武功县(85.00%)为最低,流脑抗体阳性率以武功县(70.00%)和旬邑县(85.00%)为最低,差异有统计学意义(P〈0.05)。结论咸阳市1~7岁健康儿童针对脊灰、麻疹、乙脑、流脑的抗体水平达到保护率,但应继续加强相关抗体水平监测工作,巩固计免工作成效。 Objective To determine the antibody levels of polio, measles, encephalitis and meningitis among healthy children aged 1-7 years in Xianyang of Shaanxi province in 2013 for the evaluation of immunization effects. Methods Enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) were used to detect serum IgG antibodies against polio, measles, encephalitis and meningitis viruses among healthy children. Results The positive rates of IgG antibodies of polio, measles, encephalitis and meningitis were 94.65 %, 95.67%, 94.01% and 89.94%, respectively, all surpassed the protection level of 85%. The lowest positive rates of antibody against encephalitis were found in Qian county (83.61%) and Wugong county (85.00%), while the positive rates of antibody against meningitis in Wugong county (70.00%) and Xunyi county (85.00%) were the lowest, which showed a significant difference compared to other counties (P〈0.05) . Conclusions In Xianyang, among children 1-7 years old, the antibody levels of polio, measles, encephalitis and meningitis IgG all reach national standard, indicating the successful vaccination among children in the area.
作者 李凤英 刘军礼 刘美宁 马婷 罗文瑞 马波 LI Feng ying, LIU Jun-li, LIU Mei ning, MATing, LUO Wen-rui, MA Bo Xianyang Center for Disease Control and prevention, Xianyang, Shaanxi 712046, China
出处 《中国预防医学杂志》 CAS 2014年第1期49-52,共4页 China Preventive Medicine
关键词 健康儿童 IGG抗体 监测 Healthy children IgG antibody Monitor
作者简介 李凤英,本科,医师,科员,主要从事麻疹等主要传染病的免疫规划及防控策略研究工作通讯作者:李凤英,Email:zhangrqxianyang@163.com
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