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江苏省1999年两类地区麻疹疫情监测分析 被引量:27

Analysis on Measles Surveillance in Two Sorts of Areas of Jiangsu Province in 1999
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摘要 江苏省在1999年分两类地区开展了麻疹监测,一类地区为经济较发达、计划免疫工作基础好、麻疹发病水平较低的苏州等4个市;而以南京、徐州等9个市为二类地区。全年麻疹监测系统报告疑似麻疹938例,而法定传染病常规报告系统报告846例,前者比后者多92例。对两类地区麻疹发病特点的比较结果显示:一类地区和南京市,麻疹病例≥15岁的占病例总数的66.3%;二类地区(除外南京市)<15岁的病例占病例总数的90.8%,其中<10岁的占73.2%。1999年全省共发生10起麻疹暴发,发病218例,占全省监测系统确诊病例的31.7%。10起暴发9起发生在二类地区,患者为学龄前儿童和小学生。这表明两类地区麻疹的流行病学特点有较大差别。 Measles surveillance in Jiangsu Province started in 1999 by dividing the province into two sorts of areas. The first sort of area is economic well-developed area where EPI is carried out well and measles incidence is lower. The cities of this area investigated included Suzhou, Wuxi, Changzhou and Zhenjiang. The second sort of area included 9 cities (Nanjing, Xuzhou, Liangyungang, Nantong, Huaiyin, Suqian, Yangcheng, Yangzhou and Taizhou) where all the conditions are not as good as that mentioned in the first sort of area. The surveillance system of the province reported in 1999 a total of 938 suspected measles cases in 13 cities, of which 684 were confirmed as measles. The notifiable reporting system reported 846 suspected measles cases and 684 cases were confirmed. This indicated that the surveillance system operated well. The measles epidemiological features in two sorts of areas were compared. In first sort of area, including Nanjing, the measles cases of ≥15 years old accounted for 66.3% of the total cases. In second sort of area, not including Nanjing, the measles cases of <15 years old accounted for 90.8% of the total cases, and 73.2% of them were patients <10 years old. In 1999, there were 10 measles outbreaks occurred in the province and 218 measles cases were reported which accounted for 31.7% of the confirmed measles cases reported by the provincial measles surveillance system. 9% the 10 outbreaks occurred in the second sort of area, the cases were preschool and primary school children. The results showed that progression of EPI work was uneven in two sorts of areas of Jiangsu Province.
作者 陶红 陆培善 张晋琳 TAO Hong, LU Pei shan, ZHANG Jin lin. Jiangsu Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Nanjing 210009, China.
出处 《中国计划免疫》 2001年第2期72-75,共4页 Chinese Journal of Vaccines and Immunization
关键词 麻疹 两类地区 监测 江苏 Measles Two sorts of areas Surveillance
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