目的 研究农牧区蒙古族居民吸烟、饮酒与高血压的关系。方法 于1997年6～9月，采用标准化方法，对内蒙古通辽市部分农牧区3542名15岁及15岁以上蒙古族居民进行血压的测量和吸烟、饮酒等的调查，采用分层及标化方法进行统计分析。 结果 吸烟--饮酒组的高血压标化患病率（26.2%）显著高于吸烟-不饮酒组（17.7%）。不吸烟--饮酒组的标化患病率(26.8%)显著高于不吸烟-不饮酒组(18.7%)。吸烟--饮酒组与不吸烟--饮酒组间标化患病率无显著差异。吸烟--不饮酒组与不吸烟-不饮酒组标化患病率也无显著差异。结论 饮酒是蒙古族居民高血压危险因素，而吸烟不是危险因素。
Aim\ To study the relationship between smoking cigarett and alcohol intake and hypertension in Mongolian people. \ Methods\ In June to September 1997,3542 Mongolian people aged≥15 were investigated for smoking cigarette and alcohol intake, and their blood pressures measured with standardized methods. The data was analysed by means of stratification and standardization methods. \ Results\ The standardized prevalence rate of hypertension (26.2%) for smokers\|alcohol drinkers was significantly higher than that (17.7%) for smokers\|nondrinkers. The standardized prevalence rate (26.8%) for nonsmokers\|drinkers was significantly higher than that (18.7%) for nonsmokers\|nondrinkers. There was no significant differences in the standardized prevalence rate between smokers\|drinkers and nonsmokers\|drinkers, there was also no significant difference between smokers\|nondrinkers and nonsmokers\|nondrinkers. \ Conclusion\ Alcohol intake is a risk factor of hypertension, but smoking cigarette did not increase the prevance rate of hypertension in Mongolian people.
Chinese Journal of Hypertension