期刊文献+

上海市部分人群流行性乙型脑炎抗体水平的血清学监测 被引量:30

Sero-epidemiological Survey of Japanese Encephalitis in Residents of Shanghai
分享 导出
摘要 为了解上海市目前人群流行性乙型脑炎(乙脑)免疫水平,采用血凝抑制试验,于1998年9月~1999年2月,对上海市区和郊县的部分人群乙脑抗体水平进行了血清学监测,并与80年代的监测结果进行比较.结果显示:上海市区和郊县乙脑抗体总阳性率分别为88.15%和87.46%.未接种过乙脑疫苗的1岁以下儿童抗体阳性率较低,1~9岁儿童和20岁以上成人抗体阳性率较高.表明上海市人群中乙脑抗体的阳性率较高,原因是20多年来小儿接受高度覆盖的乙脑疫苗接种.在大年龄组,70年代以前的乙脑流行在血清学监测中得到反映,也可能存在自然感染的不断加强. For investigating the immune level of Japanese encephalitis(JE) in people of Shanghai,a sero-epidemiological survey including 937 residents in rural area and 582 residents in rural area was undertaken during Sep 1998 to Feb 1999 The results were compared with previous reports in 1980s The results showed that the total positive rates of JE HI antibody in urban and rural areas were 88 15% and 87 46% respectively According to various age groups,HI antibody in infants<1 year old was low since they had not yet received JE vaccine and the maternal antibody had declined Much higher JE HI antibody positive rate was observed in 1~9 age group due to universal JE vaccination and the highest positive rate in adults ≥20 years of age because of early JE epidemic and natural JE infection These data when compared with previous reports in 1980s revealed that JE HI antibody positive rate decreased in children of 10~14 year old group and increased in adults ≥20 years old suggesting that the natural JE infection in recent ten years continuously occurred,the JE virus transmission was still common in the natural environment in Shanghai,so the immunization of JE vaccine can not be neglected
作者 沈冰 丁玎 徐瑞芳 沈蕊华 柳炜 徐大麟 徐志一 SHEN Bing,DING Ding,XU Rui-fang,et al Jinag'an Center for Disease Prevention and Control,Shanghai 200041,China.
出处 《中国计划免疫》 2001年第4期215-217,共3页 Chinese Journal of Vaccines and Immunization
关键词 流行性乙型脑炎 血清学监测 血凝抑制试验 抗体 免疫水平 Japanese encephalitis(JE) Sero-epidemiology surveillance Hemagglutination-inhibition (HI) test
  • 相关文献

参考文献4

二级参考文献12

  • 1黄瑾,上海医学,1989年,12期,435页 被引量:1
  • 2韩向阳,上海医科大学学报,1988年,15卷,280页 被引量:1
  • 3江曼励,中华流行病学杂志,1987年,8期,136页 被引量:1
  • 4钱中夏,中国公共卫生,1986年,5期,37页 被引量:1
  • 5王新国,中华预防医学杂志,1986年,20卷,219页 被引量:1
  • 6王亚兰,中华预防医学杂志,1983年,17卷,162页 被引量:1
  • 7吴霆,中华医学杂志,1982年,62卷,761页 被引量:1
  • 8徐志一,上海医学,1979年,2期,641页 被引量:1
  • 9王亚兰,生物制品学杂志,1990年,3期,44页 被引量:1
  • 10韩向阳,上海医学,1989年,12期,35页 被引量:1

共引文献3

同被引文献128

引证文献30

二级引证文献136

相关作者

内容加载中请稍等...

相关机构

内容加载中请稍等...

相关主题

内容加载中请稍等...

浏览历史

内容加载中请稍等...
;
使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈