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食管癌术后胸内细引流管辅助胸腔闭式引流效果分析 被引量:1

Efficacy analysis of thoracic closed drainage assisted by thin drainage tube after esophagectomy
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摘要 目的探讨食管癌切除术后细引流管辅助粗引流管胸腔闭式引流的效果.方法回顾性分析2014年1月至2017年12月在山西大医院胸外科接受食管癌切除术的112例患者,试验组60例采用细引流管辅助粗引流管胸腔闭式引流术,对照组52例采用常规胸腔闭式引流.观察两组患者手术时间、术中出血量、淋巴结清扫数目、术后并发症发生例数、术后住院时间、术后发热时间、术后再穿刺置管次数,术后疼痛评估采用视觉模拟评分法(VAS).结果试验组和对照组的手术时间[(4.3±1.3)h和(4.5±0.9)h]、术中出血量[(137±21)ml和(141±21)ml]、淋巴结清扫数目[(18.5±5.2)个和(17.2±2.4)个]、术后并发症发生例数(11例和7例)比较,差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05).两组术后住院时间[(14.9±2.4)d和(20.5±3.2)d]、术后发热天数[(5.8±1.4)d和(7.4±1.4)d]、术后再穿刺置管次数(7次和13次)比较,差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.05).两组患者术后48~72 h静息及咳痰时VAS疼痛评分差异有统计学意义(均P<0.05).结论食管癌切除术后细引流管辅助胸腔闭式引流更有效,能减少患者术后痛苦,缩短住院时间,值得推广. Objective To investigate the clinical effect of thick drainage tube thoracic closed drainage assisted by thin drainage tube after esophagectomy. Methods A total of 112 patients who received esophagectomy in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of Shanxi Dayi Hospital from January 2014 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into the test group (60 patients) and the control group (52 patients). The test group used thick tube in thoracic close drainage assisted by thin drainage tube, and the control group took general thoracic closed drainage. The operation time, the bleeding of operation, the number of lymph node dissection, the number of post-operative complications, the hospitalization time after operation, postoperative fever time, the frequency of post-operative puncture in both groups were observed. The post-operative pain was evaluated by using visual analogue score (VAS). Results There were no statistical differences in the time of operation [(4.3±1.3) h vs. (4.5±0.9) h], bleeding of operation [(137±21) ml vs. (141±21) ml], the number of lymph node dissection [(18.5±5.2) vs. (17.2±2.4)] and the number of post-operative complications (11 cases vs. 7 cases) between the test group and the control group (all P>0.05). There were statistical differences in the hospitalization time after surgery [(14.9±2.4) d vs. (20.5 ±3.2) d], post-operative fever days [(5.8 ±1.4) d vs. (7.4 ±1.4) d] and the frequency of post-operative puncture (7 vs. 13) between the test group and the control group (all P< 0.05). And there were statistical differences in the VAS scores for post-operative resting and coughing from 48 h to 72 h (all P< 0.05). Conclusion The thin drainage tube is more effective in assisting thoracic closed drainage after esophagectomy. It can reduce post-operative pain and shorten the length of hospitalization, which is worthy of further promotion.
作者 柴立勋 李强 杨更朴 王玉璇 尚志杰 王海 Chai Lixun;Li Qiang;Yang Gengpu;Wang Yuxuan;Shang Zhijie;Wang Hai(Department of Thoracic Surgery,Endoscopy Ward,Shanxi Academy of Medical Sciences,Shanxi Dayi Hospital,Taiyuan 030032,China)
出处 《肿瘤研究与临床》 CAS 2018年第11期749-752,共4页 Cancer Research and Clinic
关键词 食管肿瘤 胸管 引流术 胸腔积液 食管癌切除术 Esophageal neoplasms Chest tubes Drainage Pleural effusion Esophagectomy
作者简介 通信作者:柴立勋,Email:chailixun@163.com.
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