Objective To investigate the clinical effect of thick drainage tube thoracic closed drainage assisted by thin drainage tube after esophagectomy. Methods A total of 112 patients who received esophagectomy in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of Shanxi Dayi Hospital from January 2014 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into the test group (60 patients) and the control group (52 patients). The test group used thick tube in thoracic close drainage assisted by thin drainage tube, and the control group took general thoracic closed drainage. The operation time, the bleeding of operation, the number of lymph node dissection, the number of post-operative complications, the hospitalization time after operation, postoperative fever time, the frequency of post-operative puncture in both groups were observed. The post-operative pain was evaluated by using visual analogue score (VAS). Results There were no statistical differences in the time of operation [(4.3±1.3) h vs. (4.5±0.9) h], bleeding of operation [(137±21) ml vs. (141±21) ml], the number of lymph node dissection [(18.5±5.2) vs. (17.2±2.4)] and the number of post-operative complications (11 cases vs. 7 cases) between the test group and the control group (all P>0.05). There were statistical differences in the hospitalization time after surgery [(14.9±2.4) d vs. (20.5 ±3.2) d], post-operative fever days [(5.8 ±1.4) d vs. (7.4 ±1.4) d] and the frequency of post-operative puncture (7 vs. 13) between the test group and the control group (all P< 0.05). And there were statistical differences in the VAS scores for post-operative resting and coughing from 48 h to 72 h (all P< 0.05). Conclusion The thin drainage tube is more effective in assisting thoracic closed drainage after esophagectomy. It can reduce post-operative pain and shorten the length of hospitalization, which is worthy of further promotion.
Cancer Research and Clinic