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区域知识溢出、产权性质与企业自主创新绩效--基于创新价值链的视角

Regional Knowledge Spillovers, Nature of Property Rights and Performance of Corporate Independent Innovation: From the Perspective of Innovation Value Chain
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摘要 引入创新价值链分析框架,利用2008-2014年A股上市公司的数据,分析了区域知识溢出对不同产权性质企业自主创新绩效的影响。通过归纳区域知识溢出特征设计区域知识溢出指数,采用有中介的调节效应模型进行实证分析。研究发现,区域知识溢出对企业创新绩效有显著的促进作用,其中,由经济发达地区向经济欠发达地区的知识溢出效应作用最明显。将创新价值链区分为两个阶段后,发现区域知识溢出对自主创新的正向推动作用主要集中在创新研发阶段;而在创新应用阶段,由于受到企业运营能力等因素的影响,区域知识溢出对企业自主创新绩效的影响并不显著。同时,非国有企业受区域知识溢出的影响更大。 By introducing the analytical framework for innovation value chain and making use of the data of A share listed companies from 2008 to 2014, this paper tries to analyze the impact of regional knowledge spillover on the independent innovation performance of enterprises with different nature of property rights. Through summarizing the characteristics of regional knowledge spillovers,this paper designs the index of the regional knowledge spillover. Then it adopts the mediating effect model to conduct an empirical analysis. The results show that regional knowledge spillovers can play a significant role in promoting the performance of corporate independent innovation, of which the knowledge spillover effect from the economically developed areas to under-developed areas is mostly significant. When the innovation value chain is divided into two stages, it is found that the positive driving effect on independent innovation from regional knowledge spillovers mainly exist in the period of innovation R&D. However, at the stage of innovation application, due to the influence of such factors as the ability of enterprise operation, etc., the impact of regional knowledge spillover on the performance of corporate independent innovation is not significant. Meanwhile, the non-state-owned enterprises are greatly affected by regional knowledge spillover.
作者 徐珊 XU Shan(South China University of Technology,Guangzhou 510641,China)
出处 《当代财经》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第2期85-97,共13页 Contemporary Finance & Economics
基金 国家自然科学基金青年基金项目“工业企业生态创新行为触发、路径选择与扩散的机理研究:基于社会网络视角”(71602061) 广东省公益研究与能力建设软科学研究面上青年博士启动项目“广东省企业生态创新的前因、后果及演化路径:基于网络嵌入与组织学习视角”(2016A070706001) 华南理工大学中央高校基本科研业务费资助项目“企业生态创新行为的动力机制与演化路径研究:基于复杂社会网络视角”(2017XMS10).
关键词 自主创新绩效 区域知识溢出 创新价值链 产权性质 independent innovation performance regional knowledge spillovers innovation value chain nature of property rights
作者简介 徐珊,华南理工大学副教授,管理学博士,主要从事技术创新、生态创新研究,联系方式bmshanxu@scutedu.cn。
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