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髋及股部损伤后下肢深静脉血栓形成 预览 被引量:72

Incidence of Lower Limb Deep-Vein Thrombosis After Hip and Thigh Injury
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摘要 目的探讨髋及股部损伤后下肢深静脉血栓(Deep-vein thrombosis,DVT)形成的机理和防治对策.方法对64例下肢DVT患者行超声多普勒检查、记录,并分析受伤肢体的左右侧别、库血的输入、高龄、糖尿病、心脑血管疾病、肥胖等因素与下肢DVT形成的关系.结果在同期髋及股部损伤患者325例中下肢DVT 64例(18.2%);近端DVT 13例(20.3%),远端DVT 36例(56.3%),全静脉DVT 15例(23.4%);左下肢DVT 43例(66.7%),右下肢DVT 21例(33.3%);库血的输入59例(92.2%);使用止血带患者16例(25.0%);患者平均年龄62岁.结论髋及股部损伤患者中,存在高危因素患者DVT发生率较高,建议对围手术期存在高危因素患者采取适当的预防性治疗,对发生DVT患者行规范有效的治疗. Objective To investigate the mechanism,prevention and treatment of lower limb DVT.Methods Sixty four cases were all underwent ultrasound and the results were recorded.We analysed the relation between lower limb DVT with the side of injury leg?blood transfusion?age?diabetics?cardio?cerebralvascular disease and obesitas.Results There were 64 cases (18.2%) suffer from DVT in 325 cases who got hip and thigh injury, In 64 DVT cases there were 13 thigh DVT(20.3%),36 calf DVT (56.3%),15 whole-leg DVT(23.4%),43 left-leg DVT (66.7%),21 right-leg DVT (33.3%).There were 59 cases (92.2%)given blood-transfusion in 64 DVTcases,16 cases (25.0%) underwent operation with tourniquet with average 62 years.Conclusion Its very easy to get leg-DVT in patient who suffer from hip and thigh injury.To suggest some proper prevental treatment for leg injury patients around operative time, also to give effecient treatment for DVT patients.
作者 杨熙创 柏龙文 王晓玲 郭春阳 严少荣 王涛 付战利 伍超 Yang Xichuang,Bai Longwen,Wang Xiaoling,et al.Department of Orthopacdics,Xian Central Hospital,Xian City,Shanxi 710003
出处 《骨与关节损伤杂志》 2002年第1期 28-30,共3页 The Journal of Bone and Joint Injury
关键词 高危因素 治疗 髋损伤 腹部损伤 下肢深静脉血栓形成 Hip Thigh DVT Highrisk factor Treatment
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