目的:观察体育疗法、温水洗足疗法、腹部按摩三者联合治疗抗精神病药所致便秘的效果.方法: 选择符合CCMD-2-R诊断标准且服用抗精神病药的住院精神病人,并按入院先后顺序分为试验组、对照组各200例,对3天无大便者,试验组采用体育疗法、温水洗足疗法、腹部按摩联合治疗,而对照组采用通便药物治疗;比较两组的通便效果及其不良反应.结果 : 试验组与对照组有效率基本相仿,分别为91.94%和93.44%.但对照组不良反应明显多于试验组(P<0.01).结论 :体育疗法、温水洗足疗法、腹部按摩三者联合治疗抗精神病药所致便秘效果较为理想.
Objective: To study the effects of abdominal massage therapy combined with Physical exercise and hydropathy on treating constipation induced by antipsychotic drugs. Method: According to the order of admittance, the inpatients with psychosis who were suitable to CCMD-2-R and had been taken antipsychotic drugs were alternately classified into two groups: the experimental group and the control group (200 patients, respectively). Without stool for 3 days, the patients in experimental group were treated by abdominal massage therapy combined with physical exercise and hydropathy(washing foot with warm water ) ,while the patients in control group were treated by cathartic. Then, the effect and side effect were compared. Result: The rate of effect in two groups was similar (the experimental 91.94% and the control 93.44%), but the side effect in control group was obviously more than in the experimental group. Conclusion: The efficacy of abdominal massage therapy combined with physical exercise and hydropathy of treating constipation induced by antipsychotic drugs is satisfaction.
Chinese Journal of Nursing