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建筑业农民工的抑郁状态与人格特质、主观生存质量 预览 被引量:8

Relation of depressive status to personality traits and subjective quality of life among migrant workers in construction sites
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摘要 目的:研究建筑业农民工样本的抑郁状态及其与人格特质、主观生存质量的关系.方法:选取建筑业农民工304人.用流调用抑郁自评量表(CES-D)测量抑郁状态(CES-D≥16分者归为抑郁组,<16分为非抑郁组)、大五人格量表简化版(NEO-FFI)评价人格特质(包括神经质、外向性、开明性、宜人性和责任感5个子量表),世界卫生组织生活质量简表(WHOQOL-BREF)评价主观生存质量.结果:受试者的CES-D平均分为(8.5±7.5).抑郁组(n=42)神经质得分高于非抑郁组(n=262)[(39.9±6.0)vs.(29.5±7.0)],而外向性及宜人性得分低于非抑郁组[(40.4±6.4)vs.(44.9±6.0),(39.3±5.0) vs.(43.5±5.0)],均P<0.001.抑郁组生存质量总评、健康状况总评及WHOQOL-BREF各领域得分均低于非抑郁组(均P<0.01).逐步回归分析显示,神经质对抑郁状态有正向预测作用(β =0.47),外向性和宜人性对抑郁状态有负向预测作用(β=-0.12,-0.11);神经质对生存质量总评、健康状况总评及WHOQOL-BREF生理、心理、社交、环境领域有负向预测作用(β=-0.33,-0.23,-0.39,-0.41,-0.27,-0.31),而外向性有正向预测作用(β=0.08,0.13,0.15,0.21,0.23,0.22).结论:本研究建筑业农民工情绪状态良好,主观生存质量评价较高.神经质及外向性人格特质与建筑业农民工抑郁状态及主观生存质量有相关性,情绪稳定性差、外向性低的个体易产生抑郁情绪,且主观生存质量评价降低. Objective:To investigate the relation of depressive status to personality traits and subjective quality of life among migrant workers in construction sites.Methods:By cluster sampling,304 migrant workers were recruited to receive questionnaires survey.The Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) was used to measure depressive status (CES-D ≥ 16 was defined as depression while CES-D < 16 as non-depression),NEOFive Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI,consisted of 5 dimensions:neuroticism,extraversion,openness to experience,agreeableness and conscientiousness) was applied to measure personality traits,and World Health Organization Quality Of Life Scale Abbreviated Version (WHOQOL-BREF) was employed to measure the subjective assessment of quality of life.Results:The mean score of CES-D was (8.5 ± 7.5).The neuroticism scores were higher in depression group (n =42) than in non-depression group (n =262) [(39.9 ±6.0) vs.(29.5 ±7.0)],while the extraversion and agreeableness scores were lower in depression group [(40.4 ± 6.4) vs.(44.9 ± 6.0),(39.3 ± 5.0) vs.(43.5 ± 5.0) ; Ps < 0.001].The subjects in depression group exhibited lower scores in WHOQOL-BREF terms of general quality of life,overall satisfaction of health and domains of quality of life compared with those in non-depression group (Ps < 0.001).Stepwise regression analysis demonstrated that neuroticism scores were positively associated with CES-D scores (β =0.47),while the scores of extraversion and agreeableness were negatively associated with CES-D scores (β =-0.12,-0.11).The neuroticism scores could negatively predict general quality of life score,overall satisfaction of health score and domains scores physical health,psychological,social relationships,and environment (β =-0.33,-0.23,-0.39,-0.41,-0.27,-0.31),while the extraversion scores could positively predictive above scores (β =0.08,0.13,0.15,0.21,0.23,0.22).Conclusions:It suggests that migrant workers
作者 郭天蔚 图娅 潘可欣 张文悦 郭卓 杨昕婧 马文昊 阿英格 GUO Tian-Wei,TU Ya,POON Ho-Yan,ZHANG Wen-Yue,GUO Zhuo,YANG Xin-Jing,MA Wen-Hao,A Ying-Ge( 1.School of Acupuncture Moxibustion and Tuina, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China; 2 School of Basic Medical Science, Inner Mongolia Medical University, Hohhot 010110, China)
出处 《中国心理卫生杂志》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2014年第7期550-554,共5页 Chinese Mental Health Journal
基金 科技部国际合作项目——基于综合干预的抑郁状态下脑功能同步性研究及评价(2007DFA30780)
关键词 农民工 人格 抑郁状态 主观生存质量 现况调查 migrant worker personality depressive status quality of life cross-sectional studies
作者简介 通信作者:图娅tuyab@263.net
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