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体育伤害事故阻滞学校体育正常开展久治不果的致因与治理 预览 被引量:12

The Causes and Solutions to the Ineffective Management on the Interference of the Physical Injury Accidents in School Physical Education
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摘要 学校体育的非正常开展和青少年体质健康持续下降,成为社会关注的焦点问题。体育伤害事故的困扰,是产生这一现象的重要因素。多年来国家重视青少年健康成长和全面发展,但学校体育不正常开展的状况未能得到根本扭转。学校体育风险识别与应对失衡、过度化的安全管理、缺乏学校体育制度约束和化解事故矛盾基础保障不足,是体育伤害事故阻滞学校体育正常开展久治不果的重要原因。本文提出科学应对学校体育安全治理、加强顶层设计和法治保障、调整学校负担和规范发展、完善和扩大风险转移渠道以及形成社会家庭合力等方面的治理对策。 The abnormal school physical education and the continuous decline ot aoolescent pnyslcat neaim have become the focus of the society. This paper points out that the interference of sports iniuries is an important factor for this phenomenon. Although the government has paid attention to the healthy growth and the overall development of young people for many years, the non-normal development of school physi- cal education has not been fundamentally reversed. The paper analyzes that the ineffective management of the interference of the physical injury accidents in school physical education mainly results from the fol- lowing important reasons, including the risk identification of school physical education, the response to the imbalance, excessive security management,lack of school physical education system constraint, as well as inefficient basis to resolve accident contradictions. Besides, the paper presents a series of measures to take,such as scientific response to school sports security governance, strengthening the top-level design and the guarantee of the law and regulation, adjusting school burden, regulating development, improving and expanding the channels of the transfer of risk, as well as forming the integrated force of both society and family.
作者 王菁 于善旭 WANG Jing, YU Shanxu( 1. Tianjin Vocational Institute, Tianjin 300410, China; 2. Tianjin University of Sport, Tianjing 300381, China.)
出处 《首都体育学院学报》 CSSCI 北大核心 2014年第5期420-427,共8页 Journal of Capital College of Physical Education
关键词 学校体育 体育伤害事故 体育安全 安全管理 现代治理 school physical education physical injury accident physical security safety management mod-ern governance
作者简介 王菁(1969-),女,山东人,硕士,副教授,研究方向为体育社会学 于善旭(1952-),男,山东人,硕士,教授,研究方向为体育社会学。
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