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宁波人为源VOC清单及重点工业行业贡献分析 被引量:17

Anthropogenic VOC Emission Inventory and Contribution from Industrial Sources in Ningbo
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摘要 宁波是我国华东地区的重要工业城市,也是长江三角洲南翼的经济中心.近年来,宁波工业活动的VOC排放及其对空气质量和人体健康的不利影响越来越受到关注.通过收集宁波市各类VOC人为源的活动水平数据,采用"自下而上"的估算方法,建立了宁波地区2010年人为源VOC的排放清单,并进一步分析了宁波市排放VOC的重点工业行业及其贡献大小.研究结果表明,宁波市2010年人为源的VOC排放总量为17.6万t,其中工业源、机动车排放源和居民源是宁波市人为排放VOC的主要来源,分别占总排放量的62.0%、17.2%和15.5%.而在工业源中,合成材料制造业、精炼石油产品制造业是宁波市两个重点VOC排放工业行业,其排放量分别占宁波VOC总量的18.6%和13.1%,反映出石油化工企业对宁波市VOC排放的影响程度. Ningbo is an important industrial city in eastern China and is also the economic center in the south wing of the Yangtze River Delta( YRD). Recently,the VOC emissions from the local industrial activities and its effects on both the regional air quality and people's health were getting more and more attention. The anthropogenic VOC emission inventory of Ningbo in 2010 was established with collecting comprehensive activity data of anthropogenic sources. Furthermore,the industrial sectors were studied and the significant industries were identified with their contribution quantified. The result shows that the amount of anthropogenic VOC emission in Ningbo in 2010 is 176 kt. Industry,transportation and residential source are the most important VOC anthropogenic sources in Ningbo,which accounted for 62. 0%,17. 2% and 15. 5% respectively. Synthetic materials manufacturing and refined petroleum products manufacturing are the most important VOC emitting industries,which contributed 18. 6% and 13. 1% of the total VOC amount respectively,signifying the influence of these two industries to the VOC emissions in Ningbo.
作者 李璇 王雪松 刘中 吴梁 翁燕波 胡杰 LI Xuan , WANG Xue-song , LIU Zhong , WU Liang , WENG Yan-bo , HU Jie ( 1. State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; 2. Ningbo Environmental Protection Scientific Research and Design Institute, Ningbo 315012, China; 3. Ningbo Environmental Protection Bureau, Ningbo 315012, China; 4. Environment Monitoring Center of Ningbo, Ningbo 315012, China)
出处 《环境科学》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2014年第7期2497-2502,共6页 Chinese Journal of Environmental Science
基金 宁波市环保科研计划项目
关键词 VOC 排放清单 工业行业 贡献率 宁波 volatile organic compounds(VOC) emission inventory industry contribution rate Ningbo
作者简介 李璇(1990-),女,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为区域大气污染,E-mail:lixuan_139@139.com 通讯联系人,E-mail:xswang@pku.edu.cn
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