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老年人主观幸福感和行为抑制激活系统的关系 被引量:8

Relationship between subjective well-being and behavioral inhibition/activation system of older adults
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摘要 目的 研究老年人主观幸福感和行为抑制激活系统的关系.方法 对养老院采用整群取样,对家庭养老采用方便随机取样的方法,得到185名老年人被试;再通过一对一口头问卷访谈形式,对185名老年人进行行为抑制激活和主观幸福感问卷调查.结果 (1)老年人主观幸福感得分(27.39±10.96)分;老年人行为抑制系统、行为激活系统平均得分(11.29±4.30)分、(32.96±9.13)分.老年入主观幸福感在养老院[(29.81±9.91)分]和家庭养老[(25.09±11.47)分]方式上差异有统计学意义(t=-2.69,P<0.01);主观幸福感的一般负性体验在养老院[(4.25±3.37)分]和家庭养老[(6.39±3.93)分]方式上差异有统计学意义(t=3.58,P<0.01),在性别上女性[(5.91±3.83)分]大于男性[(4.70±3.71)分],差异有统计学意义(t=-1.96,P<=0.05);而行为激活系统愉悦追求维度得分男性[(12.60±3.48)分]大于女性[(11.40±3.67)分](t=2.05,P<0.05).(2)行为激活系统与老年入主观幸福感显著正相关(r=0.40,P<0.01),行为抑制系统与老年人主观幸福感显著负相关(r=-0.40,P<0.01).(3)行为激活系统驱力维度能预测主观幸福感19%的变异量.结论 行为抑制激活系统水平与老年入主观幸福感相关,行为激活系统的驱力水平是影响老年人主观幸福感的因素之一. Objective To explore the relationship between subjective well-being (SWB) and behavioral inhibition/activation system (BIS/BAS) of older adults.Methods Using cluster sampling method and convenient random sampling method respectively for older adults in the nursing home and living home,we got 185 older subjects; then using BIS/BAS scale and SWB scale to test 185 older adults by oral questionnaire interviews face to face.Results (1) The SWB average score was 27.39±10.96,the BIS average score was 11.29±4.30,the BAS average score was 32.96±9.13.The SWB of older adults had a significant difference between older adults in the nursing (29.81±9.91) and living home (25.09± 11.47) (t=-2.69,P〈0.01).The negative experience of SWB had significant differences between older adults in the nursing (4.25±3.37) and living home (4.25±3.37) (t=3.58,P〈0.01),and also between males (4.25±3.37) and females (5.91±3.83) (t=-1.96,P〈0.05).The BAS fun seeking had a significant gender difference (t=2.05,P〈0.05),which was higher in males (12.60±3.48) than in females (11.40±3.67).(2) BAS was positively correlated with SWB (r=0.40,P〈0.01),and BIS was negatively correlated with SWB (r=-0.40,P〈0.01).(3) The BAS drive could forecast the 19% variance of SWB.Conclusion BIS/BAS are correlated with SWB for older adults and the BAS drive is one of factors contributing to the SWB of older adults.
作者 吴燕 李幸 李彦章 Wu Yan, Li Xing, Li Yanzhang (Department of Psychology, Chengdu Medical College, Chengdu 610083, China)
出处 《中华行为医学与脑科学杂志》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2014年第12期1111-1114,共4页 Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medical Science
基金 四川省软科学研究计划项目(2012ZR0048)
关键词 行为抑制系统 行为激活系统 主观幸福感 老年人 Behavioral inhibition system Behavioral activation system Subjective well-being Older adults
作者简介 通信作者:李彦章,Email:lyz@cmc.edu.cn
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