Objective To know the epidemiological characters of emergency patients in general hospital in Tianjin region. Methods Clinical data like gender,age,visiting time,department,diagnosis or chief complaints on these emergency patients in our department from 1stJanuary to 31 stDecember in 2013 were investigated and calculated in Tianjin medical university general hospital by retrospective analysis. Results Complete data in 116 942 emergency patients were adopted accounting for 95.96%.The ratio of male to female was 0.84∶1.In the branched surgical department,the ratio of male to female was 1.34∶1.The peak age groups among these patients were 20-29,30-39,50-59 years old.August,October,December were the peak period on doctor visiting.The average daily number of patients in holidays and festivals,and weekends was much higher than that in the average daily of the whole year.The top three places of emergent departments were internal medicine（49.92%）,neurology（10.09%）,and surgery（7.62%）.Patients visiting doctors at 17 ∶00 to24 ∶00 every day took the most,accounting for 44.28% compared with patients in a whole day.Peak hour usually occurred at 20：00-22：00.The top 40 emergency diagnosis were reported,and the top 5 ones were trauma,upper respiratory infection,tracheobronchitis,abdominal pain,fever,dizziness-accompanying with heart palpitation and vomiting. Conclusion According to epidemiological characters,emergency resources should be reasonably allocated and personnel placement should be strengthened at peak periods and key departments.The emergency trauma rescue system needs further improvement.Attaching great importance on differential diagnosis of symptomatology and targeted training of common diseases on emergency physicians are necessary so as to improve the rescue level.
China Modern Medicine