Need is the key element to understand and draw on the welfare system, also it makes up to the value basis to distribute the social resource and run conduct the social policy. The paper tried to discuss the following basic concepts and topics on needs for the disabled： the need for the disabled, the effective needs, the ethics and value in meeting the needs for the disabled, the main welfare strategies. It is mentioned that, disability and impairment mean not only the individual needs, but also the extra stress for the whole family. Only the consistent part between the individual needs and the family need are the effective needs. Individualism, independence, and right of choice make up to the primary value in social welfare and service for the disabled. What＇s more, fulfilling the transfer from the individual-oriented social policies to the family-based social welfare, and carrying out social service for the disabled in the perspective of case management and self-decision are two strategies to meeting their needs.
Social welfare of the disabled