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企业创新网络中关系强度、吸收能力与创新绩效的关系研究 被引量:73

Firm's Strength of Ties within Innovation Network, Absorptive Capacity and Innovation Performance in the Chinese Manufacturing Industries
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摘要 有关研究表明,在创新网络中,企业创新绩效受到外部网络关系和自身吸收能力两方面的影响,但网络关系的强弱对企业创新绩效的影响在学术界尚未达成共识。在中国关系社会的背景之下,本文构建了网络关系强度、企业吸收能力和创新绩效三者之间的关系理论模型,并以中国278家制造业企业为样本进行了实证研究。研究结果表明,创新网络关系强度和企业吸收能力均对企业创新绩效存在显著的正向影响,且企业吸收能力在网络关系强度和企业创新绩效之间起不完全中介作用。同时,本文检验了企业性质、产业类型和地域分布的影响,发现在私营企业、传统制造业企业和位于华东、华北地区的企业中,创新网络关系强度对创新绩效没有直接影响,但可以通过吸收能力对创新绩效产生间接影响。 In innovation network, a firm's innovation performance is affected by external tie strength and internal knowledge absorptive capacity. Researches have shown that both strong ties and weak ties have their unique features to influence a firm's innovation activi- ties, but there is still no consensus on how the firm's strength of ties impacts its innovation performance. In China's guanxi context, this study is designed to empirically examine the path relationship between tie strength, absorptive capacity (ACAP) and firm innovation performance. Based on a survey data from 278 Chinese manufacturing firms, the results suggest that tie strength is positively related to innovation performance: a strong tie, not weak tie, with its inno- vation partners can help improve its absorptive capacity and innovation performance. We also find that ACAP has a positive impact on innovation performance and it positively mediates the relationship between tie strength and innovation performance. In addition, we have also analyzed the impact of ownership, industry and geograph- ic location to firm's innovation, and the results show that it varies as follows: a). ownership: for the state-owned or foreign compa- nies, the results are the same as above, but for the private firms, tie strength only has limited direct effect on innovation performance, but can indirectly influence innovation through ACAP; b). industry: in high-tech industries such as information and communication manufacturing, tie strength and absorptive capacity do have positive impact on innovation performance, but in the traditional manufac- turing industries such as clothing, home appliance and motor industries, tie strength doesn't have direct effect to a firm's innovation performance, but can have indirect impact through absorptive ca- pacity; c). geographic location: in Northern or Eastern China where political or business resources are more intensive and accessible, tie strength does not have strong direct impact on a firm's innova
作者 刘学元 丁雯婧 赵先德 Liu Xueyuan, Ding Wenjing,Zhao Xiande(1. Economics and Management School of Wuhan University;2. China Europe International Business School (CEIBS))
出处 《南开管理评论》 CSSCI 北大核心 2016年第1期30-42,共13页 Nankai Business Review
基金 本文受国家自然科学基金国际(地区)合作与交流项目(71420107024)资助
关键词 创新网络 关系强度 吸收能力 创新绩效 Innovation Network Tie Strength Absorptive Capacity Innovation Performance
作者简介 刘学元,武汉大学经济与管理学院/武汉大学企业优化研究中心教授、博士,研究方向为创新管理、供应链与运营管理、跨国管理等; 丁雯婧,武汉大学经济与管理学院硕士研究生,研究方向为创新管理、供应链与运营管理等; 赵先德,中欧国际工商学院普洛斯供应链与服务创新中心主任,华南理工大学供应链整合和服务创新研究所所长,教授、博士,研究方向为供应链管理、运营管理、服务创新与设计等
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参考文献91

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