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济南市女大学生性观念、性行为及性知识调查 预览 被引量:9

Survey on sexual conception,sex-related behavior and sexual health knowledge in Jinan female college students
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摘要 目的:了解现阶段济南市女大学生所持有性态度、发生的性行为及所具备的性知识,为高校性教育提供依据。方法:通过自制调查表,采用匿名自填的方式对济南市三所高校大一、大二年级女大学生进行调查,并分析不同年级、生源地及院校间的差异。结果:有97人(23.5%)赞成婚前性行为,有246人(59.6%)反对。发生婚前性行为及与异性同居的比例分别为6.8%、5.8%。在有自慰行为的学生中69.6%有负罪感。城市生源女大学生比农村对性相关知识掌握要好。有关性的问题给40.7%的学生带来困扰。学生获取性知识的主要渠道是网络和中学课程。女大学生认为最适合的性教育方式是性教育课和讲座。结论:济南市女大学生性观念与四川、北京等地比相对保守,性行为发生率也低于四川、广州等地大学生。女大学生对性知识有不同程度的了解,但也存在性困惑,应开展针对性健康教育,培养其正确的性观念,减少危害身心健康的性行为发生。 Objectives:To provide evidence for sex education in colleges by exploring the sexual conception,sex-related behavior and sexual health knowledge of female college students in Ji'nan.Methods:A total of 416 students of grade one and two in three colleges were selected and surveyed anonymously.Results:There were 97 students who were (23.5%) in favor of premarital sex,and 246 students who (59.6%) opposed premarital sex.About 69.6% of masturbation students felt guilty.The proportion of premarital sexual behavior and heterosexual cohabitation were 6.8% and 5.8% respectively.Urban students were with richer knowledge than rural students.Sexual issues brought trouble to 40.7% of the students.The main channels for students to acquire sexual knowledge were network and high school curricula.Female students believed the most suitable ways of sex education were classroom teaching and lectures.Conclusion:Sexual conception of female college students in Ji'nan was more conservative than that of students in Sichuan and Beijing,and the rate of sexual behavior was lower than that of students in Sichuan and Guangzhou.They had varying degrees of sexual knowledge.Some of them were confused about sexual issues.Sexual health education should be conducted to develop their correct sexual conception and reduce risky sexual behavior.
作者 王成岗 王婷婷 李广钊 杨柳 王领娣 王英 张贺 张沁园 WANG Chenggang, WANG Tingting, LI Guangzhao, YANG Liu, WANG Lingdi, WANG Ying, ZHANG He, ZHANG Qinyuan( Department of Preventive Medicine,Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan 250355, Shandong , China)
出处 《中国性科学》 2016年第4期148-151,共4页 The Chinese Journal of Human Sexuality
基金 国家自然科学基金(81273627).
关键词 女大学生 性观念 性行为 性知识 Female college students Sexual conception Sex-related behavior Sexual knowledge
作者简介 【第一作者简介】王成岗(1977-),男,副教授、博士,主要研究方向为行为流行病学。 【通讯作者】张沁园,E—mail:zhangqinyuan1971@126.com
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