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不确定性应对与领导者成长——基于建构扎根的发现 预览

Responding to Uncertainty and Leader's Evolutionary Process--A Discovery Based on Constructivist Grounded Theory
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摘要 以民营企业领导者为研究对象,采用建构主义扎根理论方法,通过对Y领导活动质性数据的广泛收集和整理,从应对不确定性视角对本土民营企业领导者成长过程进行了诠释性分析。研究构建了包含“涌现型不确定性挑战”、“趋势型不确定性挑战”、“能动致变”、“推动学习”等9个核心类属的本土民营企业领导者成长过程模式,并分析了领导者成长过程的被动“适应”、主动“设计”以及二者间相互转化的复合路径,具体说来:1领导者通过积极的问题响应和能动致变活动,不断地完成对涌现型不确定性挑战的应对,获得实践经验积累,构成了领导者成长过程的被动“适应”路径;2领导者在企业发展各个阶段,预先识别“趋势型”不确定性挑战并通过推动学习适应未来竞争,构成了领导者成长过程的主动“设计”路径;3领导者成长的主动“设计”与被动“适应”路径并非完全独立,二者存在相互转化的诱发机制。 This paper draws on a longitudinal case study to investigate the evolutionary process of native leader in private enterprise. Through extensive collection and cooperation of qualitative data concerning Y's leader activities, interpretative analysis of local private entrepreneurs growth process is investigated using constructivism grounded theory in view of responding to uncertainty. Nine core categories of native leader's evolutionary process model are constructed, which are "emerging uncertainty challenge"," tendency uncertainty challenge" ,"initiative treatment" , "promote learning" and so on. Moreover,the "passive adaptation" ,"active design" and complex transformation between the two paths during leader's evolutionary process are analyzed in this research : Leaders respond to emerging uncertainty challenge through positively responding and accumulate practical exercise which constitutes passive adaptation in leaders' evolutionary process. In every stage of corporation development, Leaders identify tendency uncertainty challenge in advance and adapted this challenge through promoting learning which constitutes active design in leaders" evolutionary process. The paths of active design and passive adaptation in leader's evolutionary process are not completely independent and there are transformation inducement mechanism between them.
作者 张笑峰 席酉民 杜艺珊 Zhang Xiaofeng, Xi Youmin, Du Yishan (1. School of Management, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China; 2. Xi'an Jiaotong Liverpool University, Suzhou 215123, China)
出处 《科技进步与对策》 CSSCI 北大核心 2016年第9期141-148,共8页 Science & Technology Progress and Policy
基金 国家自然科学基金重点项目(71032002,71232014) 国家自然科学基金项目(71472147)
关键词 建构主义扎根理论 领导者成长 不确定性 主动设计 被动适应 Constructivist Grounded Theory Evolutionary Process Uncertainty Passive Adaptation Active Design
作者简介 张笑峰(1987-),男,河南舞阳人,西安交通大学管理学院博士研究生,研究方向为领导科学与群体决策; 席酉民(1957-),男,陕西长安人,西安交通大学管理学院教授、博士生导师,西交利物浦大学执行校长,研究方向为和谐管理理论、领导理论、管理行为与机制等; 杜艺珊(1990-),女,陕西华阴人,西安交通大学管理学院博士研究生,研究方向为中国本土领导力。
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