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中医五行音乐对老年抑郁症患者心理健康的影响

Effects of five elements music therapy of traditional Chinese medicine on the mental health of the elderly patients with depression
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摘要 目的:观察中医五行音乐对老年抑郁症患者心理健康的影响。方法:采用前瞻、随机、对照方法,将纳入研究的91例老年抑郁症患者分为治疗组(五行音乐组)、阳性对照组(西方音乐组)和阴性对照组(不接受音乐治疗组),各组患者在接受常规抗抑郁治疗同时分别聆听不同的音乐,治疗前和治疗4周后测评抑郁自评量表(SDS)评分、汉密尔顿抑郁量表(HAMD,24项)及症状自评量表(SCL-90),观察分值变化情况。结果:老年抑郁症患者SDS评分、SCL-90总分及部分因子分高于全国常模;五行音乐疗法可降低患者SDS分、HAMD总分及部分因子分值、SCL-90总分及部分因子分值,部分数值和阳性对照组、阴性对照组相比均有显著降低(P<0.05)。结论:五行音乐可以改善老年抑郁症患者的心理健康情况。 Objective:To investigate the influence of five elements music therapy of traditional Chinese medicine on the mental health of elderly patients with depression.Methods:A total of 91 patients with elderly depression were divided into3 groups according to prospective,randomized,and controlled ways.The 3 groups were treatment with different type of music(treatment with five elements music),positive controlled group(treatment with western music)and negative controlled group(not treatment with any music).Patients in each group were listening to different music on the basis of conventional anti-depression treatment.Before and after 4 weeks’treatment,the Self-Rating Depression Scale(SDS),Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression(HAMD,24)and symptom check list 90(SCL-90)were assessed.Results:SDS scores,SCL-90 total score and partial factor scores of elderly patients with depression were significantly higher than those of the national norm,five elements music therapy can reduce the SDS scores,HAMD total score and partial factor scores,SCL-90 total score and partial factor scores of elderly patients with depression,the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:Five-element music therapy can improve the mental health of elderly patients with depression.
作者 杨玉兴 权元文 郭建魁 杨艳斐 张蕊 YANG Yu-xing;QUAN Yuan-wen;GUO Jian-kui;YANG Yan-fei;ZHANG Rui(1940Hospital of Joint Logistic Support Force,Lanzhou730050,China;No.68108Troops of Lanzhou Military Region of thePeople’s Liberation Army,Lanzhou730000,China)
出处 《中华中医药杂志》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2019年第6期2787-2790,共4页 China Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Pharmacy
基金 全军保健专项科研课题(No.CWS13BJ46) 全军医药卫生科研项目(No.CLZ13JB06).
关键词 五行音乐 老年人 抑郁 心理健康 抑郁自评量表 汉密尔顿抑郁量表 症状自评量表 Five elements music of traditional Chinese medicine Elderly people Depression Mental health Selfrating depression scale(SDS) Hamilton depression scale(HAMD) Symptom check list 90(SCL-90)
作者简介 通讯作者:权元文,兰州军区68108部队,邮编:730000,电话:0931-8994204,E-mail:yangyx0207@sohu.com
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