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2014年成都市健康人群乙脑、乙肝抗体水平监测 被引量:2

Japanese Encephalitis and Hepatitis B Antibody Level Among Healthy People in Chengdu,2014
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摘要 目的了解成都市健康人群乙脑、乙肝抗体水平,为制定有效的防治措施提供依据。方法于2014年对成都市〈1岁、1~2岁、3~4岁、5~6岁、7~14岁、15~19和≥20岁7个年龄组,每组随机抽取不少于30人,采集血清。采用ELISA法检测人群血清中的乙脑和乙肝表面抗体(HBs Ab),并进行统计分析。结果乙脑Ig G抗体阳性率及GMC为41.89%、0.47 IU/ml,乙肝表面抗体(HBs Ab)阳性率及GMC为57.30%、10.96 m IU/ml。乙脑Ig G抗体阳性率以3~4岁组抗体阳性率最高、〈1岁最低,乙肝表面抗体(HBs Ab)阳性率及GMC以〈1岁组抗体阳性率最高、5~6最低。结论结合本次监测结果,加强儿童乙脑、乙肝常规免疫,做好新入学入托儿童乙脑、乙肝疫苗的查漏补种工作,确保人群的抗体水平保持在较高水平,以预防和控制乙脑和乙肝。 Objective To analyze the epidemic of Japanese Encephalitis and Hepatitis B antibody levels,and provide evidence for effective prevention and control measures. Methods The health people were divided into 7age groups( 1 year,1 ~ 2 years,3 ~ 4 years,5 ~ 6 years,7 ~ 14 years,15 ~ 19 years and ≥20 years),each group was not less than 30 cases. The serum samples were collected to detect the Japanese encephalitis and Hepatitis B antibody levels based on ELISA,and the data was analyzed by statistical method. Results Japanese encephalitis antibody positive rate and GMC were 41. 89% and 0. 47 IU / ml; Hepatitis B antibody positive rate and GMC were 57. 30% and 10. 96 m IU / ml. Japanese encephalitis antibody positive rate in 3 ~ 4years group was the highest,and the rate in 1 year group was the lowest; HBs Ab positive rate and GMC in 1 year group was the highest,and the rate in 5 ~ 6 years group was the lowest. Conclusion According to the results in this study,it demonstrated to strengthen the general vaccination,the screening and re-vaccination in kindergarten and school that were necessary,to ensure antibody levels in healthy population at high level.
作者 蔡军 朱宝 郑珂 王艳梅 CAI Jun, ZHU Bao, ZHENG Ke, WANG Yanmei Chengdu Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, China.
出处 《预防医学情报杂志》 CAS 2016年第9期898-901,共4页 Journal of Preventive Medicine Information
关键词 乙脑:乙肝 健康人群 抗体水平 Japanese encephalitis Hepatitis B healthy people antibody level
作者简介 蔡军(1969-),女,大学本科,副主任技师,免疫规划相关疾病监测
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