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绿色轮胎与橡胶新材料 被引量:5

Green tire and new type rubber materials
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摘要 自20世纪90年代初米其林公司提出"绿色轮胎"这一概念以来,绿色轮胎的发展备受关注.绿色轮胎早期只是轮胎市场销售用语,这种轮胎与普通轮胎相比,具有非常低的滚动阻力.低滚动阻力轮胎会减少车辆燃料消耗,从而降低汽车排出尾气对大气的污染,因此绿色轮胎以"最佳环境保护"为产品目标[1~3].随着节能环保、减少碳排放世界性话题讨论越来越热烈,绿色轮胎概念的阈值得到进一步扩展. Green tire is defined as one behaved durability,safety,fuel efficiency,which is manufactured from green raw materials via advanced process. The novel rubber materials and technology for manufacturing green tire,polices,laws and regulations on green tire are summarized in this paper. Green tire technology is a combination of various innovative technologies including the design of materials formulation,optimization of tire structure and processing technology. The new formulation and structure design need to be realized through the improvement of processing technology such as continuous one-step mixing process at low temperature,pre-vulcanization technology,automatic molding process and nitrogen-filled curing technology. The development of novel rubber materials is one of the key factors for the innovation of green tire. The application of novel rubber materials in manufacturing green tire is beneficial to the effect of energy saving and emission reduction. nature rubber(NR),solution polymerized styrene butadiene rubber(SSBR),emulsion polymerized styrene butadiene rubber(ESBR),high cis-polybutadiene rubber and thermoplastic elastomer(TPE) are the main raw materials for manufacturing green tire. The mixing effect with silica improved,the rolling resistance can be decreased and the wet-skid resistance can be increased by using the functionalized SSBR. Neodymium-based high cis-polybutadiene rubber(Nd-BR) possesses excellent mechanical properties,dynamic mechanical properties,such as low heat build-up,rolling power loss,compression deformation,compression ratio and abrasion loss. Thermoplastic elastomer modified by halogenated butyl rubber,possesses excellent properties of high barrier,good fatigue and flexible performance,especially suitable for the inner-liner of green tire. The green tire technology in the various large tyre companies,including Michelin,Bridgestone,Goodyear,and etc.,is summarized and the character of green tire technology in each company is described in detail. The related require
作者 李花婷 赵天琪 陈名行 LI HuaTing, ZHAO TianQi ,CHEN MingXing (Beijing Research &Design Institute of Rubber Industry, Beijing 100143, China)
出处 《科学通报》 EI CAS CSCD 北大核心 2016年第31期3297-3303,共7页 Chinese Science Bulletin
关键词 绿色轮胎 新材料 低滚动阻力 橡胶 米其林公司 市场销售 燃料消耗 节能环保 green tire technology new type rubber materials green tire regulation on green tire
作者简介 联系人,E—mail:florylht@126.com
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