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基于DEMATEL方法的建筑施工安全管理行为影响因素分析 预览 被引量:14

Influence Factors of Safety Management Behaviors of Building Construction by Using DEMATEL Method
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摘要 为定量分析建筑施工各种安全管理行为之间的相互影响关系,通过文献与专家调查法对建筑施工安全管理行为进行界定,获取5个维度共13种建筑施工安全管理行为因素,并通过德尔菲法分析安全管理行为因素间的两两关系,采用决策实验室分析(DEMATEL)方法确定各安全管理行为因素之间的影响度(f)和被影响度(e),得到中心度(f+e)和原因度(f-e),从而探析不同安全管理行为因素之间相互影响和作用的特点。结果表明:过程监管和安全投入维度对于建筑施工整个安全管理体系具有举足轻重的地位,其中过程监管维度受其他维度安全管理行为的影响较大,而安全投入维度是其他维度安全管理行为的基础和保障。根据安全管理行为因素之间相互影响和作用的特点,可以更加合理地选择和实施各种安全管理行为,以确保建筑施工的安全。 For the quantitative analysis of interaction relationship between various safety management be- haviors of building construction ,this paper uses the method of literature and expert investigation to define the safety management behaviors and obtains a total of 13 kinds of behavior factors in 5 dimensions. Then the paper applies the Delphi method to understand pairwise relationships between the behavior factors,and uses Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory(DEMATEL) method to determine the degree of influence (f) and being influenced of each factor (e). Based on this,the paper obtains the degree of relation between each factor with others (f+e) and the severity of influence for each factor (f--e) and thereby explores the characteristics of the interaction between the factors of safety management behaviors. The result shows that process monitoring and security investment have pivotal positions in the behavior system of safety management,the former of whieh is affected by other behaviors more greatly while the latter of which is the basis and guarantee of other behaviors. According to the characteristics of these effects, managers can choose and implement safety management behaviors more reasonably to assure the building construction safety.
作者 张仕廉 聂李琴 ZHANG Shilian,NIE Liqin (Faculty of Construction Management and Real Estate, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China)
出处 《安全与环境工程》 CAS 2017年第1期121-125,共5页 Safety and Environmental Engineering
基金 国家自然科学基金项目(71471023)
关键词 建筑施工 安全管理行为 影响因素 DEMATEL方法 building construction safety management behavior influence factor DEMATEL method
作者简介 张仕廉(1960-),男,教授,主要从事建筑安全、绿色建筑、工程经济等方面的研究。E—mail:cquzsl@126.com
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