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济南市出租车司机颈肩痛影响因素分析 被引量:1

Influencing factors of neck and shoulder pain mnong taxi drivers in Ji'nan city
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摘要 目的 了解山东省济南市出租车司机颈肩痛(NSP)的患病率及其影响因素。方法 2013年7月—2013年12月,采用整群随机抽样方法随机抽取济南市出租车司机719人为研究对象,分析NSP的患病率及其危险因素。结果 出租车司机NSP患病率为35.05%(252/719);多因素 logistic 回归分析结果显示,夜班(OR=2.157,95%CI=1.405~3.313)、吸烟(OR=1.824,95%CI=1.227~2.712)、工龄≥5年(OR=1.666,95%CI=1.031~2.691)、兼职(OR=1.599,95%CI=1.122~2.279)是NSP患病的危险因素,受教育程度高中及以上(OR=0.454,95%CI=0.302~0.683)、睡眠时间≥8 h/d(OR=0.446,95%CI=0.274~0.725)是NSP患病的保护因素。结论 出租车司机NSP的患病率较高,夜班、吸烟、长工龄、兼职易引发NSP。 Objective To examine the prevalence and risk factors of neck and shoulder pain (NSP) among taxi drivers.Methods A total of 719 taxi drivers were selected in Ji'nan city of Shandong province with cluster random sampling and surveyed face-to-face with a general questionnaire and modified Standardized Nordic Questionnaire for work-related musculoskeletal disorders between July and December 2013.Logistic regression was used to explore risk factors of NSP among the participants.Results The prevalence of NSP was 35.05%.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that night shift (odd ratio [OR]=2.157,95% confidence interval [95% CI]=1.405-3.313),smoking (OR=1.824,95%CI=1.227-2.712),years of working ≥5 (OR=1.666,95% CI=1.031-2.691),and part-time working (OR=1.599,95%CI=1.122-2.279) were associated with increased risk of NSP reporting;while,education of senior high school or above (OR=0.454,95%CI=0.302-0.683) and sleep duration of ≥8 hours per day (OR=0.446,95% CI=0.274-0.725) were significantly associated with decreased risk of NSP reporting.Conclusion The prevalence rate of NSP is high and correlated positively with night shift,smoking,years of working,and part-time working and reversely with education level and sleep duration among taxi drivers in Ji'nan city.
作者 王苗苗 于金霞 王殿玺 刘振华 刘宁 于素芳 WANG Miao-miao, YU Jin-xia, WANG Dian-xi, et al ( School of Public Health, Shandong University, Ji'nan, Shan- dong Province 250012, China)
出处 《中国公共卫生》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2017年第3期503-505,共3页 Chinese Journal of Public Health
基金 山东省科技计划项目(2012GSF11854)
关键词 出租车司机 颈肩痛(NSP) 影响因素 taxi driver neck and shoulder pain influencing factor
作者简介 王苗苗(1989-),男,山东济宁人,硕士在读,研究方向:职业卫生/职业流行病学。 通讯作者 于素芳,E-mail:sufangyu@sdu.edu.cn 250012
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