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水资源承载能力评价方法研究及应用 被引量:27

An evaluation method of water resources carrying capacity and application
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摘要 为全面客观评价水资源承载状况,进而为经济社会发展合理布局提供理论支撑,本文在对水资源承载能力评价研究现状进行综述的基础上,考虑水量、水质、水生态3个要素,讨论分析了水资源承载能力内涵,从水资源承载负荷和承载能力2个方面出发,构建了水资源承载能力评价指标体系,采用实物量指标对水资源承载能力各因素分别评价,采用"短板法"全面考虑各要素评价结果,进而得到水资源承载能力综合评价结果。并以河北省为案例进行水资源承载能力评价,最后结合资源承载状况和超载成因,提出了河北省水资源调控措施建议,以验证评价方法的合理性与可行性。 In order to comprehensively and objectively assess water resources carrying status and provide a theo- retical support for sound spatial planning of socioeconomic development, this study reviewed existing research on carrying capacity of water resources and examined the meaning of water resources carrying capacity. An in- dex system for evaluating water resources carrying capacity was constructed considering three key factors--wa- ter quantity, quality, and ecology. Physical quantity index was employed in the evaluation of each factor of water resources. Comparing the index values and the evaluation standards, comprehensive carrying status of water re- sources system can be obtained by considering the situation of the worst factor. Hebei Province was taken as a case study to evaluate the carrying status of its water resources system. Measures and suggestions for managing water resources were proposed based on the evaluation result and overloading cause analysis. Finally, the evalua- tion method was verified.
作者 李云玲 郭旭宁 郭东阳 王晓红 LI Yunling, GUO Xuning, GUO Dongyang, Wang Xiaohong (General Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Planning and Design, B eijing 100120, China)
出处 《地理科学进展》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2017年第3期342-349,共8页 Progress in Geography
基金 国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0401300) 国家自然科学基金项目(51409282) 中国科学院科技服务网络计划(STS计划)项目(KFJ-STS-ZDTP-021)
关键词 承载能力 超载 水资源 评价方法 河北省 carrying capacity overloading water resources evaluation method Hebei Province
作者简介 李云玲(1978-),女,黑龙江绥化人,博士,教授级高级工程师,主要从事水资源规划及管理方面的研究,E-mail:liyunling@giwp.org.cn。
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