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不同施肥措施对黄泥田土壤养分及水稻产量的影响 预览 被引量:6

Effects of Different Fertilization Patterns on Soil Fertility and Rice Yield of Yellow Clayey Paddy Soil
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摘要 为农业有机废弃物的合理科学利用提供参考,在湖北省孝昌县单季稻区利用田间试验研究6种施肥措施对黄泥田土壤肥力及水稻产量的影响。结果表明:不同施肥措施对黄泥田土壤有效磷与速效钾含量的影响显著,对有机质、全氮及碱解氮含量的影响不明显。在6种施肥措施中,以化肥+畜禽粪肥配施黄泥田土壤的有机质、全氮、碱解氮、有效磷和速效钾含量最高,分别为23.06 g/kg、1.34 g/kg、111.66mg/kg、30.77mg/kg和148.33mg/kg,且有效磷和速效钾含量显著高于其他施肥措施(P〈0.05);稻谷和稻草产量也最高,分别为9 638.38kg/hm2和11 118.39kg/hm2,也显著高于其他施肥措施(P〈0.05);水稻的综合农艺性状好。因此,在黄泥田水稻生产过程中,采用化肥和畜禽粪肥配施可有效培肥其土壤,提高水稻产量。 The effects of six fertilization patterns on soil fertility and rice yield of yellow paddy clayey paddy soil were studied by a field test in single cropping rice area of Xiaochang County, Hubei to provide a reference for rational and scientific utilization of agricultural organic waste. Results: Different fertilization patterns have the significant effect on available P and rapid available potassium content of yellow clayey soil but no obvious effect on organic matter, total nitrogen and available nitrogen content of yellow clayey paddy soil. The organic matter, total nitrogen, available nitrogen, available P and rapid available K content of yellow clayey paddy soil under the chemical fertilizer + livestock and poultry manure combined application pattern is the highest among six fertilization patterns. The organic matter, total nitrogen, available nitrogen, available P and rapid available K content of yellow clayey paddy soil under the chemical fertilizer +livestock and poultry manure combined application pattern is 23.06 g/kg, 1.34 g/kg, 111.66 mg/kg, 30.77 mg/kg and 148.33 mg/kg respectively and the available P and rapid available K content is higher than other fertilization patterns significantly. The rice and straw yield under the chemical fertilizer +livestock and poultry manure combined application pattern is the highest among six fertilization patterns. The rice and straw yield under the chemical fertilizer +livestock and poultry manure combined application pattern is 9 638. 38 kg/hm2 and 11 118. 39 kg/hm2 respectively and significantly higher than other fertilization patterns also. In conclusion, the chemical fertilizer + livestock and poultry manure combined application pattern can improve soil fertility and rice yield in rice production of yellow clayey paddy soil.
作者 胡诚 刘东海 乔艳 刘友梅 李双来 陈云峰 HU Cheng, LIU Donghai, QIAO Yan, LIU Youmei, LI Shuanglai, CHEN Yunfeng (Institute of Plant Protection and Soil Fertilizer, Hubei Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Key Laboratory for Utilization of Waste Fertilizer, Ministry of Agriculture, Wuhan , Hubei 430070, China)
出处 《贵州农业科学》 CAS 2017年第4期12-15,共4页 Guizhou Agricultural Sciences
基金 国家重点研发计划项目“肥料养分推荐方法与限量标准”(2016YFD0200100) 国家重点基础研究发展规划(973计划)项目“肥料养分持续高效利用机理与途径”(2013CB127400) 农业部公益性行业(农业)科研专项“南方低产水稻土改良技术研究与示范”(201003016) 湖北省农业创新中心专项资金项目“新型肥料研制及化肥减施技术集成与示范”(201662000303) 湖北省农业科学院重大研发成果培育项目“湖北省主要农作物秸秆还田关键技术研究与集成示范”(2017CGPY01)
关键词 黄泥田 施肥措施 水稻产量 土壤养分 yellow clayey soil fertilization pattern rice yield soil nutrient
作者简介 胡诚(1972-),男,副研究员,博士,从事土壤生态与作物高效施肥研究。E—mail:huchenghxz@163.com 通讯作者:陈云峰(1979-),男,副研究员,博士,从事土壤肥料及农业废弃物资源化利用研究。E-mail:chen971314@163.com
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