目的 探讨程序化护理干预对老年急性期脑出血患者负性情绪和家属主要照顾者照顾负担的影响。方法 将60例老年急性期脑出血患者随机分成对照组30例,采用常规基础护理措施进行护理;观察组30例,在对照组护理基础上加以程序化护理措施。采用焦虑自评量表（SAS）、抑郁自评量表（SDS）和照顾者负担量表（ZBI）评价护理干预前后的效果。结果 护理干预前,2组患者焦虑、抑郁评分和家属主要照顾者照顾负担评分无显著性差异（P〉0.05）;护理干预后,2组患者焦虑、抑郁评分和家属主要照顾者照顾负担评分均显著降低,且观察组患者降低幅度更为明显,差异有统计学意义（P〈0.05）。结论 程序化护理干预能缓改善老年急性期脑出血患者负性情绪,减轻家属主要照顾者的照顾负担。
Objective To investigate the influence of programmed nursing mode intervention on the negative emotion and care burden of the main family caregivers of patients with gerontism acute cerebral hemorrhage.Methods A total 60 patients with gerontism acute cerebral hemorrhage were divided into the control group （30 cases） and the observation group （30 cases） randomly.Patients in the control group were nursed according to normal nursing procedures, while the observation group was also given programmed nursing mode based on normal nursing procedures. Applying Seff-rating Anxiety Scale （SAS）, Self-rating Depression Scale （SDS）and Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview （ZBI）to evaluate the effect of intervention.Results Before the programmed nursing mode intervention, there was no statistical difference in SAS and SDS score and ZBI score of two groups （P〉0.05）.After the programmed nursing mode intervention, The contents of SAS and SDS score and ZBI score in two groups were significantly lower than those before and observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group（P〈0.05）.Conclusion programmed nursing mode intervention can significantly alleviate their negative emotions effectively, and reduce the burden of caregivers of patients with gerontism acute cerebral hemorrhage.
Medical Forums in Basic
Acute cerebral hemorrhage Programmed nursing mode Negative emotion Burden of Care