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多形式宣教模式在肝脏肿瘤手术患者亲属中的应用 预览 被引量:5

Application of Multiple Education Model on the Relatives of Patients Underwent Liver Tumor Operation
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摘要 目的 探讨多形式宣教模式在肝脏肿瘤手术患者亲属中的应用方法及效果。方法 便利抽样法选取2014年10月至2015年12月第二军医大学东方肝胆外科医院收治的200例肝脏肿瘤手术患者的亲属为研究对象,按随机数字表法分为观察组和对照组各100例,对照组按照传统常规的健康宣教进行围术期护理指导,观察组在传统宣教的基础上增加对亲属的多形式宣教,比较两组患者亲属的Zung氏焦虑自评量表(self-rating anxiety scale,SAS)评分、患者的术后康复情况及患者与亲属对健康教育的满意度。结果 观察组患者亲属术前1d、术后3d的SAS评分均低于对照组(均P〈0.05),患者术后进食时间、下床活动时间均明显早于对照组(均P〈0.05),患者及亲属对健康教育的满意度均明显高于对照组(均P〈0.05)。结论护理人员应重视对肝脏肿瘤手术患者亲属的围术期健康教育,了解亲属的心理动态,并给予针对性的干预和指导心理干预,从而促进患者康复。 Objective To discuss the application effect on the relatives of patients underwent liver tumor operation.Methods By convenience sampling, the relatives of 200 cases were selected and randomly divided into observation group and control group,with 100 cases in each group.The control group was guided by preoperative routine health education,while the observation group adopted the multiple education model. The Zung self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) score and postoperative rehabilitation status and health education satisfaction level of patients and relatives were compared between two groups.Results The SAS scores of 1 day before surgery,three days after surgery in observation group were lower than that of control group (all P〈0.05),and the postoperative fasting time and off-bed activity time were significantly earlier than the control group (all P〈0.05).The satisfaction of patients and their relatives with health education in observation group was significantly higher than the control group (all P〈 0.05).Conclusions Nurses should pay attention to the nursing conversation with patients' preoperative relatives, understand relatives' psychological dynamics,give appropriate psychological intervention,thus to promote patients' rehabilitation.
作者 朱恒美 房树恒 许丽丽 Zhu Hengmei,Fang Shuheng, Xu Lili(Department of Special Treatment I, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital of Second Military Medical University,Shanghai 200438,China)
出处 《解放军护理杂志》 CSCD 2017年第7期68-71,共4页 Nursing Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army
基金 第二军医大学东方肝胆外科医院优质护理服务改进项目(YZHL13001)
关键词 肝脏肿瘤患者 患者亲属 健康宣教 满意度 patients with liver tumor patients relatives health education satisfaction level
作者简介 朱恒美,本科,主管护师,从事肝胆外科临床护理工作 【通信作者】房树恒,E—mail:fangshuheng181@163.com
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