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2016年成都市健康人群乙型肝炎表面抗体水平监测分析

Antibody Levels of Hepatitis B Among Healthy People in Chengdu, 2016
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摘要 目的了解成都市健康人群乙肝表面抗体水平,为制定和完善相应的预防策略提供依据。方法在成都市一、二、三圈层4个区县,每个区县按年龄分为7组,每组随机抽取至少30人,共抽取884人,采集血清。用酶联免疫吸附试验法(ELISA)定量测定血清标本中乙肝表面抗体(HBsAb)含量。用SPSS11.0软件进行统计分析。结果共检测884份血清样本,乙肝抗体阳性率为73.64%,7个年龄组以〈1岁组最高,本地人群高于外地,城区高于城乡结合和农村地区。结论应加强对流动人群的管理,加强其乙肝免疫工作力度。加强血清学检测,对免疫无应答人群适时进行加强免疫,保证人群乙肝抗体保持在较高水平,预防和控制乙型肝炎。 Objective To investigate the level of hepatitis B (HBV) antibody among healthy people in Chengdu in 2016. Methods Four districts were selected from three layers in Chengdu, and the healthy people were di- vided into seven age groups. Then at least 30 people were selected randomly from each age group. Hepatitis B antibody levels were measured by ELISA, and the data were analyzed using SPSS 11.0. Results 884 serum samples were assayed. The hepatitis B antibody positive rate was 73.64%. The hepatitis B antibody positive rate was the highest in the 〈 1 year age group; and also was higher in people with permanent registered resi- dence than in floating people ; higher in urban areas than in suburban and rural areas. Conclusion Management of floating people should be enhanced, and immunization against hepatitis B should be strengthened. Serological detection should be enhanced and non - responders be appropriately revaecinated to keep the positive rate of hepatitis B antibodies at a high level so as to prevent and control hepatitis B.
作者 朱宝 郑珂 蔡军 曾莉 黄蓉娜 杨汝沛 马林 ZHU Bao, ZHENG Ke, CAI Jun, ZENG Li, HUANG Rongna, YANG Rupei, MA Lin (Chengdu Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chengclu 610041, Sichuan Province, China)
出处 《预防医学情报杂志》 CAS 2017年第7期639-641,共3页 Journal of Preventive Medicine Information
关键词 乙肝 健康人群 表面抗体水平 hepatitis b healthy people antibody level
作者简介 作者简介:朱宝(1986-),女,硕士研究生,主管医师,免疫规划
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