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一种改进元胞自动机的人员疏散模型 被引量:6

An Improved Cellular Automata Model for Simulating Pedestrian Evacuation
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摘要 为使人员疏散离散模型更好描述行人微观特性,提出一种改进元胞自动机的人员疏散模型。在传统模型基础上,将空间划分为更细小网格,令单个行人占据多个网格以便展现行人间微观行为。引入社会力模型中自身驱动力、排斥力、摩擦力的运算规则改进模型,以模拟行人间碰撞现象。通过建立行人出口选择机制并改进移动规则,真实模拟行人动态出口选择过程。疏散过程中考虑了速度因素,能更加具体展现行人不同的移动方式。模拟结果显示,改进的模型能够真实地反映人员疏散的具体过程。 A new evacuation model is proposed for simulating pedestrian dynamics during emergencies. Based on the traditional cellular automata model enhanced with a finer discretization of space, each pedestrian occupies more than one cell and can move more than one cell during each time step. The operational rules of desire repulsive, and friction forces in a social force model are introduced in the proposed model. We establish an exit choosing method and the movement rules, and observe pedestrian movements to new destinations. Velocity is considered when describing dynamic processes of pedestri an behaviors during an evacuation. The characteristics of pedestrian evacuations are analysed in simulations and. The results show that the proposed model is valid for simulating pedestrian evacuation.
作者 张鑫龙 陈秀万 李怀瑜 李飞 ZHANG Xinlong1, CHEN Xiuwan1,LI Huaiyu1, LI Fei1(School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, Beiiing 100871, China)
出处 《武汉大学学报:信息科学版》 CSCD 北大核心 2017年第9期1330-1336,共7页 Geomatics and Information Science of Wuhan University
基金 国家自然科学基金(41272366,41230634).
关键词 元胞自动机 人员疏散模型 社会力模型 模拟仿真 cellular automata evacuation model social force model analog simulation
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