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放散式心理护理对肿瘤患者焦虑和抑郁情绪的影响的相关研究 预览 被引量:2

The study of the influence of diffuse psychological nursing on anxiety and depression in cancer patients
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摘要 目的探讨放散式心理护理对肿瘤患者焦虑及抑郁的影响。方法将205例肿瘤患者随机分为实验组104例和对照组101例。采用焦虑与抑郁相关知识调查问卷、冈谷惠子护患关系信任度量表、自评抑郁量表(SDS)和自评焦虑量表(SAS)评估。结果干预后,实验组患者的焦虑自评量表和抑郁自评量表评分明显低于对照组,组间差异有统计学意义(P〈0.05);患者家属对焦虑抑郁相关知识的知晓率有所提高(P〈0.05);实验组患者的冈谷惠子护患关系信任度评分明显高于对照组(P〈0.05)。结论放散式心理护理能够明显改善肿瘤患者的焦虑及抑郁状况,提高患者家属对焦虑抑郁相关知识的知晓率,护患信任度明显提高。 Objective To study the effect of the diffuse type psychological nursing on anxiety and depression of the tumour patients. Methods The number of 205 tumour patients were randomly divided into a psychological experimental group with 104 cases, and a control group with 101 cases. Anxiety and depression related knowledge questionnaire, Okatani Keyco nurse patient relationship trust scale,the self-rating anxiety scale(SAS)and self-rating depression scale(SDS) were used for evaluation. Results After the intervention, the scores of SAS and SDS of the intervention group were lower than those of the control group, and the difference of two groups had statistical signifcance(P<0.05). The awareness rate of anxiety and depression related knowledge was improved in the patients' families(P<0.05). In the experimental group, the trust degree of Okatani Keyco nurse patient relationship was significantly higher than that of the control group(P<0.05). Conclusion The diffuse type psychological nursing can improve the anxiety and depression of the tumour patients. To improve the awareness of family members of patients with anxiety and depression related knowledge. Nurses and patients' confidence was significantly increased.
作者 姜秋红 林琳 罗惠琴 庄华 初晓芳 李艳霞 于玲 Jiang Qiu-hong;Lin Lin;Luo Hui-qin;Zhuang Hua;Chu Xiao-fang;Li Yan-xia;Yu Ling;Dalian Central Hospital;
出处 《当代医学》 2017年第31期68-71,共4页 Contemporary Medicine
关键词 肿瘤 焦虑 抑郁 放散式 心理护理 Tumour Anxiety Depression The diffuse type Psychological nursing
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