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海水淡化膜集成系统的发展现状及优势分析 预览

Development of integrated membrane systems in seawater desalination technology
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摘要 以海水淡化膜集成系统的构建为核心,分析反渗透海水淡化的优势和存在的问题;综合评价膜法预处理-反渗透、反渗透-正渗透、反渗透-压力延迟渗透等几种典型的膜法集成系统;提出利用膜法集成技术进一步降低海水淡化能耗与实现零排放的基本思路与原理.同时,详细介绍海水淡化膜法集成系统在海水淡化过程中海水预处理、盐差发电、浓盐水再利用等方面的具体应用进展,为低能耗零排放的海水淡化膜集成系统的构建提供指导与借鉴. This review aims to update the recent progress of developing the integrated membrane systems for seawater desalination, including the seawater pretreatment-RO system, the RO-forward osmosis (FO) system and the RO-pressure retarded osmosis (PRO). Furthermore, the energy consumption of the integrated membrane systems was analyzed to show their advantages in the power generation from the comprehensive brine utilization and seawater pretreatment. Finally, new insights for the development of integrated membrane systems were pointed out for future work.
作者 周宗尧 胡云霞 刘中云 Edo Bar-Zeev ZHOU Zongyao 1,2, HU Yunxia 1,3 LIU Zhongyun1, Edo Bar-Zeev4 (1. CAS Key Laboratory of Coastal Environmental Processes and Ecological Remediation, Research Center for Coastal Environmental Engineering and Technology of Shandong Province, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai 264003, China; 2. University of Chinese Academy o{ Science, Beijing, 100049, China; 3. State Key Laboratory of Separation Membranes and Membrane Processes, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300389, China; 4. Department of Environmental Hydrology & Microbiology,Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research (ZIWR), Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, 8499000 Israel)
出处 《膜科学与技术》 CSCD 北大核心 2017年第6期129-135,共7页 Membrane Science and Technology
基金 国家自然科学基金委(21476249) 山东省科技发展计划(2014GHY115021) 烟台市科技发展计划重点项目(2015ZH063) 山东省自然科学基金(2014ZRF01105)
关键词 反渗透 正渗透 压力延迟渗透 膜法预处理 盐差发电 海水淡化 膜集成系统 reverse osmosis forward osmosis pressure retarded osmosis seawater pretreatment power generation desalination integrated membrane system
作者简介 周宗尧(1992-),男,山东滨州人,硕士生,研究方向为海水淡化膜法集成,E-mail:zhouzongyao1992@163.com.;通讯作者,E-mail:yunxiahu@yic.ac.cn
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